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Descartes’ Dualism of Mind and Body in the Development of Psychological Thought  

Deborah Brown and Brian Key

Few practitioners or researchers in psychology would think of the 17th-century French philosopher, René Descartes, as the founding father of their discipline. Yet, it is difficult to see ... More

Developing Athletes in the Context of Sport and Performance Psychology  

Luc J. Martin, David J. Hancock, and Jean Côté

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Talent development in sport is achieved through years of preparation and requires constant interaction between personal and contextual resources. Accordingly, extensive research has been ... More

Development of Judgment, Decision Making, and Rationality  

Maggie Toplak and Jala Rizeq

Online publication date:
Aug 2020
There is a long tradition of studying children’s reasoning and thinking in cognitive development and education. The initial studies in the cognitive development of reasoning were motivated ... More

Diversity in the Workplace  

Regine Bendl, Astrid Hainzl, and Heike Mensi-Klarbach

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
Diversity in the workplace, with a central focus on gender, sexual orientation, age, ethnicity, (dis)ability, and religious belief, has become a major issue in organizations worldwide since ... More

Dual Process Models of Persuasion  

Andrew Luttrell

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
Issues of attitudes and attitude change are the foundation of many social processes. Psychologists have long sought to understand people’s opinions and evaluations and many studies have ... More

Dyadic Designs in Lifespan Developmental Methodology  

Jeremy B. Yorgason, Melanie S. Hill, and Mallory Millett

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
The study of development across the lifespan has traditionally focused on the individual. However, dyadic designs within lifespan developmental methodology allow researchers to better ... More

Dynamic Integration Theory  

Manfred Diehl, Eden Griffin, and Allyson Brothers

Online publication date:
Dec 2018
Dynamic integration theory (DIT) describes emotion development across the lifespan, from childhood to old age. In doing so, DIT draws on a number of perspectives, such as equilibrium ... More

Dyslexia  

Linda Siegel

Dyslexia, or a reading disability, occurs when an individual has great difficulty at the level of word reading and decoding. Comprehension of text, writing, and spelling are also affected. ... More

Emotional Self-Regulation in Sport and Performance  

Claudio Robazza and Montse C. Ruiz

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Emotions are multifaceted subjective feelings that reflect expected, current, or past interactions with the environment. They involve sets of interrelated psychological processes, ... More

Empathy and Altruism  

Eric L. Stocks and David A. Lishner

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
The term empathy has been used as a label for a broad range of phenomena, including feeling what another person is feeling, understanding another person’s point of view, and imagining ... More

Enduring Debates on Psychology and Language in the 20th Century  

Trevor A. Harley

Research in the psychology of language has been dogged by some enduring controversies, many of which continue to divide researchers. Furthermore, language research has been riven by too ... More

Episodic Future Thinking and Cognitive Aging  

Daniel L. Schacter, Aleea L. Devitt, and Donna Rose Addis

Online publication date:
Dec 2018
Episodic future thinking refers to the ability to imagine or simulate experiences that might occur in an individual’s personal future. It has been known for decades that ... More

Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate as a Biomarker for Stress and Aging Research  

Carolyn M. Aldwin and Ritwik Nath

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Erythocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) is one of the oldest measures of inflammation. It is used extensively in clinical medicine and has shown some utility in biomedical research. It is a ... More

Ethical Considerations in Sport and Performance Psychology  

Edward F. Etzel and Leigh A. Skvarla

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
The field of sport, exercise, and performance psychology (SEPP) has evolved over the past 100 plus years. SEPP includes professional consultants, teachers, researchers, and students from ... More

Evaluation of Psychological Interventions in Sport and Exercise Settings  

Rebecca A. Zakrajsek and Jedediah E. Blanton

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
It is important for sport and exercise psychology (SEP) professionals to demonstrate that the interventions they employ make a difference. Assessing the degree of an intervention’s ... More

Ever-Emerging Theories of Aging  

W. Andrew Achenbaum

Online publication date:
Dec 2018
Edmund V. Cowdry’s Problems of Ageing (1939), the first U.S. handbook in gerontology, spurred efforts to systematize and communicate data and hypotheses in a “discouragingly difficult ... More

Everyday Salivary Cortisol as a Biomarker Method in Lifespan Developmental Methodology  

Christiane A. Hoppmann, Theresa Pauly, Victoria I. Michalowski, and Urs M. Nater

Everyday salivary cortisol is a popular biomarker that is uniquely suited to address key lifespan developmental questions. Specifically, it can be used to shed light on the time-varying ... More

Evidence-Based Psychotherapies  

Alan E. Kazdin

Online publication date:
Jun 2016
Research in psychotherapy has developed a number of treatments, numbering well over 300, that have a strong evidence base. These treatments can be applied to a broad range of psychiatric ... More

Exercise and Mental Health Benefits  

Aaron L. Slusher and Edmund O. Acevedo

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Physical activity is essential for optimal human functioning. However, the emergence of modern lifestyle conveniences has contributed to the increased prevalence of sedentary behavior. As a ... More

Exercise Perceptions and Motivation of Children and Adolescents  

Richard Rosenkranz

Online publication date:
Feb 2020
As technology advances and offers enjoyable sedentary alternatives to sport, active recreation, and transportation, there is a growing need to understand and harness the drivers of physical ... More

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