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Gender and Cultural Diversity in Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology  

Diane L. Gill

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Gender and cultural diversity are ever-present and powerful in sport, exercise, and performance settings. Our cultural identities affect our behaviors and interactions with others. As ... More

Gender in a Social Psychology Context  

Thekla Morgenroth and Michelle K. Ryan

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Understanding gender and gender differences is a prevalent aim in many psychological subdisciplines. Social psychology has tended to employ a binary understanding of gender and has focused ... More

Goal Setting in Sport and Performance  

Laura Healy, Alison Tincknell-Smith, and Nikos Ntoumanis

Online publication date:
Dec 2018
Within sporting contexts, goal setting is a commonly used technique that can lead to enhanced performance. Recommendations for goal setting have been widely embraced in sport and ... More

Goal-Setting Theory: Causal Relationships, Mediators, and Moderators  

Gary P. Latham

Online publication date:
May 2016
Consciously setting a specific, difficult, challenging goal leads to high performance for four reasons. Specificity results in (1) the choice to focus on goal-relevant activities and to ... More

Grief Therapy  

Robert A. Neimeyer and Melissa A. Smigelsky

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Death and loss are universal human experiences, yet understandings of and attitudes toward expressing grief have shifted across time. The earliest psychological conceptualization of grief ... More

Group Decision-Making  

R. Scott Tindale and Jeremy R. Winget

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Group decisions are ubiquitous in everyday life. Even when decisions are made individually, decision-makers often receive advice or suggestions from others. Thus, decisions are often ... More

Group Processes  

Charles Stangor

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Group process refers to the behaviors of the members of small working groups (usually between three and twelve members) as they engage in decision-making and task performance. ... More

Habit Formation and Behavior Change  

Benjamin Gardner and Amanda L. Rebar

Within psychology, the term habit refers to a process whereby contexts prompt action automatically, through activation of mental context–action associations learned through prior ... More

Healthy and Pathological Neurocognitive Aging: Spectral and Functional Connectivity Analyses Using Magnetoencephalography  

Gianluca Susi, Jaisalmer de Frutos-Lucas, Guiomar Niso, Su Miao Ye-Chen, Luis Antón Toro, Brenda Nadia Chino Vilca, and Fernando Maestú

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Oscillatory activity present in brain signals reflects the underlying time-varying electrical discharges within and between ensembles of neurons. Among the variety of non-invasive ... More

Hearing and Cognitive Aging  

Margaret Kathleen Pichora-Fuller

Online publication date:
Jan 2020
Age-related hearing loss is heterogeneous. Multiple causes can damage the auditory system from periphery to cortex. There can be changes in thresholds for detecting sound and/or in the ... More

A Historical Overview of Psychological Inquiry as a Contested Method  

Karyna Pryiomka and Joshua Clegg

Like science in general, psychological research has never had a method. Rather, psychologists have deployed many methods under quite variable justifications. The history of these methods ... More

History of Feminist Psychology at the University of Vienna, 1984–2000  

Vera Luckgei, Nora Ruck, and Thomas Slunecko

Online publication date:
Jan 2020
Feminist psychological knowledge production has flourished in the German-speaking countries since the late 1970s. But, in contrast to countries like the United States, Canada, or Great ... More

History of Organizational Psychology  

Helio Carpintero

Organizational psychology represents an important theoretical and practical field of contemporary psychological science that studies mental and behavioral phenomena that take place in ... More

History of Spanish Psychology, 1800–2000  

Javier Bandrés

Online publication date:
Jan 2020
In the history of Spanish psychology in the 19th century, three stages can be distinguished. An eclectic first stage was defined by the coexistence of currents such as spiritualism, ... More

History of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology in Australia  

Jeffrey Bond and Tony Morris

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
Australian sport psychology was effectively “launched” in conjunction with the establishment of the Australian Institute of Sport (AIS) in 1981. Prior to this date, sport psychology sat ... More

History of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology in Europe  

Stiliani "Ani" Chroni and Frank Abrahamsen

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
The evolution in sport, exercise, and performance psychology in Europe goes back to the 1800s and spread from the east (Germany and Russia) to the west of the continent (France). Modern ... More

History of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology in North America  

Vincent J. Granito

Online publication date:
May 2017
The history of sport, exercise, and performance psychology in North America dates back to the late 1800s. However, these professionals typically conducted research in the area of motor ... More

History of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology in Southern Africa  

Clinton Gahwiler, Lee Hill, and Valérie Grand’Maison

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Since the 1970s, significant growth globally has occurred in the related fields of sport, exercise, and performance psychology. In Southern Africa, however, this growth has occurred ... More

HIV/AIDS in Later Life  

Philip Sayegh, David J. Moore, and Pariya Fazeli Wheeler

Online publication date:
Dec 2018
Since the first cluster of people with HIV was identified in 1981, significant biomedical advances, most notably the development of antiretroviral therapy (ART), have led to considerably ... More

A Holistic and Mental Health Perspective on Transitioning Out of Elite Sport  

Paul Wylleman

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Athletes’ transition out of elite sport has drawn the attention of psychologists in view of the number of problems retired athletes face with which they are generally unprepared to cope. ... More

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