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Exercise Psychology Considerations for Chronically Ill Patients  

Ray Marks

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
There is no doubt that exercise, a vital health-promoting activity, regardless of health status, produces numerous well-established physical, functional, and mental health benefits. Many ... More

Existential Meaning and Terror Management  

Sheldon Solomon and Jeff Greenberg

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Terror management theory (TMT) posits that the uniquely human awareness of death engenders potentially debilitating existential terror that is “managed” by subscribing to cultural ... More

Experience Sampling in Lifespan Developmental Methodology  

Michaela Riediger and Antje Rauers

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
Experience-sampling methodology (ESM) captures everyday events and experiences during, or shortly after, their natural occurrence in people’s daily lives. It is typically implemented with ... More

Family Systems Therapy  

Sara Honn Qualls and Lacey Edwards

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Family systems therapy seeks to alter the structure or processes of a family for the purposes of reducing distress in one or more persons and improving the ability of the family to meet ... More

Forensic Psychology in Historical Perspective  

Heather Wolffram

Forensic psychology in the 21st century entails the application of psychology to all aspects of the criminal justice process. Forensic psychologists, therefore, are engaged in the ... More

Foundations of Philosophical Functionalism  

Lawrence A. Shapiro

Philosophical functionalism, as distinct from the psychological school of functionalism that enjoyed popularity around the turn of the 20th century, is a theory about the nature of mental ... More

Gambling in Sport and Performance Psychology  

Loredana A. Marchica and Jeffrey L. Derevensky

Online publication date:
Dec 2018
With the gambling market continuously shifting and evolving, one form of gambling has uninterruptedly remained a staple in most cultures. Sports wagering has been and remains one of the ... More

Gender and Cultural Diversity in Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology  

Diane L. Gill

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Gender and cultural diversity are ever-present and powerful in sport, exercise, and performance settings. Our cultural identities affect our behaviors and interactions with others. As ... More

Gender in a Social Psychology Context  

Thekla Morgenroth and Michelle K. Ryan

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Understanding gender and gender differences is a prevalent aim in many psychological subdisciplines. Social psychology has tended to employ a binary understanding of gender and has focused ... More

Goal Setting in Sport and Performance  

Laura Healy, Alison Tincknell-Smith, and Nikos Ntoumanis

Online publication date:
Dec 2018
Within sporting contexts, goal setting is a commonly used technique that can lead to enhanced performance. Recommendations for goal setting have been widely embraced in sport and ... More

Goal-Setting Theory: Causal Relationships, Mediators, and Moderators  

Gary P. Latham

Online publication date:
May 2016
Consciously setting a specific, difficult, challenging goal leads to high performance for four reasons. Specificity results in (1) the choice to focus on goal-relevant activities and to ... More

Grief Therapy  

Robert A. Neimeyer and Melissa A. Smigelsky

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Death and loss are universal human experiences, yet understandings of and attitudes toward expressing grief have shifted across time. The earliest psychological conceptualization of grief ... More

Group Decision-Making  

R. Scott Tindale and Jeremy R. Winget

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Group decisions are ubiquitous in everyday life. Even when decisions are made individually, decision-makers often receive advice or suggestions from others. Thus, decisions are often social ... More

Group Processes  

Charles Stangor

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Group process refers to the behaviors of the members of small working groups (usually between three and twelve members) as they engage in decision-making and task performance. ... More

Habit Formation and Behavior Change  

Benjamin Gardner and Amanda L. Rebar

Within psychology, the term habit refers to a process whereby contexts prompt action automatically, through activation of mental context–action associations learned through prior ... More

Healthy and Pathological Neurocognitive Aging: Spectral and Functional Connectivity Analyses Using Magnetoencephalography  

Gianluca Susi, Jaisalmer de Frutos-Lucas, Guiomar Niso, Su Miao Ye-Chen, Luis Antón Toro, Brenda Nadia Chino Vilca, and Fernando Maestú

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Oscillatory activity present in brain signals reflects the underlying time-varying electrical discharges within and between ensembles of neurons. Among the variety of non-invasive ... More

Hearing and Cognitive Aging  

Margaret Kathleen Pichora-Fuller

Online publication date:
Jan 2020
Age-related hearing loss is heterogeneous. Multiple causes can damage the auditory system from periphery to cortex. There can be changes in thresholds for detecting sound and/or in the ... More

A Historical Overview of Psychological Inquiry as a Contested Method  

Karyna Pryiomka and Joshua Clegg

Like science in general, psychological research has never had a method. Rather, psychologists have deployed many methods under quite variable justifications. The history of these methods is ... More

History of Chinese Indigenous Psychology  

Olwen Bedford and Kuang-Hui Yeh

Chinese indigenous psychology (Chinese IP) requires that the researchers’ theories, concepts, methods, tools, and results explicitly incorporate the structures and processes of the studied ... More

History of Evidence-Based Practice  

Scott O. Lilienfeld and Candice Basterfield

Evidence-based therapies stemmed from the movement toward evidence-based medicine, and later, evidence-based practice (EBP) in psychology and allied fields. EBP reflects a progressive ... More

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