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A Historical View on Attitudes and Persuasion  

Pablo Briñol, Richard E. Petty, and Joshua J Guyer

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
The history of attitudes research can be organized into three main sections covering attitude definition and measurement, attitude-behavior relationships, and attitude change. First, an ... More

A History of Pavlovian Science  

Gabriel Ruiz and Natividad Sánchez

Online publication date:
Aug 2020
Transnational historiography, which emerged in the 1990s, covers historical phenomena that transcend the boundaries of the nation-state, analyzing the processes of circulation, ... More

A History of the Concepts of Harmony in Chinese Culture  

Louise Sundararajan

Online publication date:
Feb 2020
This historical overview of the concepts of harmony in Chinese culture situates the topic in the ecological context of a strong-ties society that fosters a type of rationality that ... More

Alternative Therapies: Sociodrama, Nude Therapy, Primal Scream, Psychedelic  

Erika Dyck and Emmanuel Delille

Online publication date:
Feb 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
History and Systems of Psychology
Alternative therapies are sometimes associated with non-biological approaches, or practices that do not undergo rigorous testing or produce consistently repeatable results. In the 1970s, ... More

Anglo-American Psychology in the Cold War  

Marcia E. Holmes

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
History and Systems of Psychology
From the end of World War II until roughly 1989, global leaders feared that cataclysmic war would break out between the world’s two superpower states, the Soviet Union and the United ... More

Animal Cognition  

Sarah Krichbaum, Adam Davila, Lucia Lazarowski, and Jeffrey S. Katz

The contemporary field of animal cognition began over 150 years ago when Charles Darwin posed questions regarding the abilities of the animal mind. Animal cognition is a science dedicated ... More

Animal Communication  

Michael D. Beecher

Online publication date:
Jun 2020
Among Darwin’s brilliant ideas was his (1871) conception of animal communication signals as adaptive characteristics of a species. The idea was subsequently taken up by the ethologists of ... More

Animal Learning and Cognition  

Michael J. Beran

Online publication date:
Jan 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
History and Systems of Psychology
Comparative psychology is the study of behavior and cognition across species. In recent decades, much of this research has focused on cognitive capacities that are well studied in humans. ... More

Attachment Theory from Ethology to the Strange Situation  

Marga Vicedo

Online publication date:
Feb 2020
In psychology, the term “attachment” has been made popular by British psychiatrist and psychoanalyst John Bowlby’s theory about the adaptive value of the mother–infant bond. Bowlby was not ... More

Boris Ananiev’s Theory of Self-Determination of Human Development  

Irina Mironenko

Ananiev’s approach shares the Activity Theory (AT) paradigm, dominant in Soviet psychology. Ananiev builds on the main fundamentals of the AT paradigm, considering psyche as a special ... More

Cognitive Psychology During the Cold War Era, 1955–1975  

Hunter Heyck

Online publication date:
Jun 2020
The first 30 years after the end of World War II saw marked changes in the discipline of psychology: in ideas and institutions, problems and practices, funders and philosophies. These ... More

Cold War Psychology in Eastern Europe  

Julien Kiss

Online publication date:
Jul 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
History and Systems of Psychology
The Cold War took place between 1948 and 1991 and centered on the antagonism between the two great superpowers, the US and the USSR, each with its allies and areas of influence. If the US ... More

Creativity  

Liane Gabora

Online publication date:
May 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
History and Systems of Psychology
Creativity is perhaps what most differentiates humans from other species. Understanding creativity is particularly important in times of accelerated cultural and environmental change, such ... More

Descartes’ Dualism of Mind and Body in the Development of Psychological Thought  

Deborah Brown and Brian Key

Online publication date:
Jul 2020
Few practitioners or researchers in psychology would think of the 17th-century French philosopher, René Descartes, as the founding father of their discipline. Yet, it is difficult to see ... More

Enduring Debates on Psychology and Language in the 20th Century  

Trevor A. Harley

Research in the psychology of language has been dogged by some enduring controversies, many of which continue to divide researchers. Furthermore, language research has been riven by too ... More

Ever-Emerging Theories of Aging  

W. Andrew Achenbaum

Online publication date:
Dec 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
History and Systems of Psychology
Edmund V. Cowdry’s Problems of Ageing (1939), the first U.S. handbook in gerontology, spurred efforts to systematize and communicate data and hypotheses in a “discouragingly difficult ... More

Feminist Psychologies in India  

Vindhya Undurti

Online publication date:
Aug 2020
There is no explicitly defined field as feminist psychology(ies) in India. It is therefore necessary to look beyond the discipline of psychology and examine the scholarship available in ... More

Forensic Psychology in Historical Perspective  

Heather Wolffram

Online publication date:
Jan 2020
Forensic psychology in the 21st century entails the application of psychology to all aspects of the criminal justice process. Forensic psychologists, therefore, are engaged in the ... More

Foundations of Philosophical Functionalism  

Lawrence A. Shapiro

Philosophical functionalism, as distinct from the psychological school of functionalism that enjoyed popularity around the turn of the 20th century, is a theory about the nature of mental ... More

From Psychological Humanities to African Psychology: A Review of Sources and Traditions  

Augustine Nwoye

Online publication date:
Jun 2020
The purpose of the article is to trace the intellectual history of the new postcolonial discipline of African psychology. African psychology as currently conceptualized in universities in ... More

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