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Attitudes  

Lukas J. Wolf, Geoff Haddock, and Greg Maio

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Autism Spectrum Disorders in Later Life  

Ye In (Jane) Hwang, Kitty-Rose Foley, Samuel Arnold, and Julian Trollor

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD), or autism, is a neurodevelopmental disorder that is typically recognized and diagnosed in childhood. There is no established biological marker for autism; ... More

Automatic Regulation Used in Sport and Exercise Research  

Amanda L. Rebar

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Much of our sport and physical activity behavior is regulated by processes occurring outside of conscious awareness. In contrast, most sport and physical activity research focuses on ... More

Awareness of Aging Processes  

Anne Josephine Dutt, Hans-Werner Wahl, and Manfred Diehl

The term Awareness of Aging (AoA) incorporates all aspects of individuals’ perceptions, behavioral experiences, and subjective interpretations related to their process of growing older. In ... More

Biodiversity Metrics in Lifespan Developmental Methodology  

Lizbeth Benson and Nilam Ram

In ecological sciences, biodiversity is the dispersion of organisms across species and is used to describe the complexity of systems where species interact with each other and the ... More

Blood Pressure as a Biomarker in Gerontological Research  

Thomas M. Hess, Erica L. O'Brien, and Claire M. Growney

Blood pressure is a frequently used measure in studies of adult development and aging, serving as a biomarker for health, physiological reactivity, and task engagement. Importantly, it has ... More

Bullying in Sport and Performance Psychology  

Leslee A. Fisher and Lars Dzikus

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Bullying is a growing problem in sport and performance settings. Bullying falls under the umbrella of “athlete maltreatment,” which includes any form of harm and all relationships where ... More

Burnout in Sport and Performance  

Robert C. Eklund and J.D. Defreese

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Athlete burnout is a cognitive-affective syndrome characterized by perceptions of emotional and physical exhaustion, reduced accomplishment, and devaluation of sport. A variety of ... More

Capacity Assessment Across Functional Domains in Later Life  

Benjamin T. Mast and Diana DiGasbarro

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Clinicians conduct capacity evaluations to determine an older adult’s ability to make and execute a decision within key domains of functioning. Questions of capacity often arise when an ... More

Caregiving Issues for Older Adults  

Andres Losada

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Caring for an older adult who needs help or supervision is in many cases associated with mental and physical health issues, especially if the care recipient has dementia, although positive ... More

Characteristics, Mechanisms, and Health Implications of Exercise-Induced Hypoalgesia  

Laura D. Ellingson and Christopher D. Black

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Exercise is known to exert an influence on pain. Specifically, sensitivity to pain decreases both during and following a single bout of exercise—a phenomenon that has been termed ... More

Clinical Training Concerns in Mental Health Service Provision to Older Persons  

M. Lindsey Jacobs and Patricia M. Bamonti

The field of geropsychology has grown worldwide since the 1990s, particularly in the United States. In the early 21st century, professional geropsychology was recognized by the American ... More

Coaching Behavior and Effectiveness in Sport and Exercise Psychology  

Ronald E. Smith and Frank L. Smoll

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Coaches occupy a central role in sport, fulfilling instructional, organizational, strategic, and social relationship functions, and their relationships with athletes influence both skill ... More

Cognition and Mobility With Aging  

Karen Z. H. Li, Halina Bruce, and Rachel Downey

Research on the interplay of cognition and mobility in old age is inherently multidisciplinary, informed by findings from life span developmental psychology, kinesiology, cognitive ... More

Cognitive–Behavioral Theory in Sport and Performance Psychology  

Faye F. Didymus

Online publication date:
Dec 2018
The cognitive–behavioral model of psychotherapy holds cognition at the core of psychological problems and disorders. The theoretical foundations of this model imply that dysfunctional ... More

Cognitive Consistency in Social Cognition  

Skylar M. Brannon and Bertram Gawronski

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
The desire to maintain consistency between cognitions has been recognized by many psychologists as an important human motive. Research on this topic has been highly influential in a ... More

Cognitive Intervention in Older Adults With Mild Cognitive Impairment  

Benjamin Boller and Sylvie Belleville

Online publication date:
Dec 2018
Individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) experience cognitive difficulties and many find themselves in a transitional stage between aging and dementia, making this population a ... More

Cognitive Rehabilitation in Mild and Moderate Dementia  

Aleksandra Kudlicka and Linda Clare

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
The number of people living with dementia is growing, and with limited pharmacological treatment options the importance of psychosocial interventions is increasingly recognized. Cognitive ... More

Cognitive Reserve in the Aging Brain  

Michael J. Valenzuela

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Cognitive reserve refers to the many ways that neural, cognitive, and psychosocial processes can adapt and change in response to brain aging, damage, or disease, with the overarching ... More

Collective Mobilization and Social Protest  

Martijn van Zomeren

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
The social psychology of collective mobilization and social protest reflects a long-standing interest within this discipline in the larger question of how social change comes about through ... More

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