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Culture and Social Development  

Heidi Keller

Online publication date:
Jul 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Developmental Psychology
Humans need other people to survive and thrive. Therefore, relatedness is a basic human need. However, relatedness can be conceived of very differently in different cultural environments, ... More

Descartes’ Dualism of Mind and Body in the Development of Psychological Thought  

Deborah Brown and Brian Key

Online publication date:
Jul 2020
Few practitioners or researchers in psychology would think of the 17th-century French philosopher, René Descartes, as the founding father of their discipline. Yet, it is difficult to see ... More

LGBTQ Psychology  

Peter Hegarty

Online publication date:
Jul 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Social Psychology
LGBTQ (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer) psychology is a loosely organized subfield of psychology. The field emerged, principally in the United States, in the late 1960s in ... More

Organizational Justice  

Dirk D. Steiner

Online publication date:
Jul 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Organizational and Institutional Psychology
Organizational justice refers to people’s perceptions of the fairness or unfairness of the treatment they receive in the organizations where they work. The ways authorities, such as ... More

The Problem and the Measurement of Time in Psychology (1874–1910)  

Silvia Degni

Online publication date:
Jul 2020
The problem of time in psychology, which first became the object of attention and investigation by scientific psychology concerning the aspect of temporal measurement of mental processes, ... More

Psychoanalysis and Critical Theory  

Gordana Jovanović

Online publication date:
Jul 2020
The relationship between psychoanalysis and Critical Theory (the Frankfurt School), contrary to dominant interpretations, is examined from a sociocultural perspective. Psychoanalysis ... More

Psychology and Neoliberalism  

Jennifer Clegg and Richard Lansdall-Welfare

Online publication date:
Jul 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
History and Systems of Psychology
Neoliberalism is a transatlantic free market ideology based on individual liberty and limited government, developed by Hayek and von Mises. In its third wave (1980–2008), commitment to ... More

Psychology and Race in Racialized Societies  

Cynthia E. Winston-Proctor and Michael R. Winston

Online publication date:
Jul 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
History and Systems of Psychology
Within racialized societies, the meaning of race is an important topic of psychological study. As Helms and colleagues has been pointed out, however, race has no consensual theoretical or ... More

Psychology as Mental Health Practice in the United States, 1945–1980  

Wade E. Pickren and Ingrid G. Farreras

Online publication date:
Jul 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
History and Systems of Psychology
In a relatively brief period of time, the discipline of psychology in the United States changed from being mostly concerned with its status as a legitimate science, qua physics or biology, ... More

Push and Pull: Biological and Psychological Models of Sexuality in Medical Sexology and Psychoanalysis (1870–1930)  

Harry Oosterhuis

Online publication date:
Jul 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
History and Systems of Psychology
Sexual science or sexology arose in the last three decades of the 19th century when psychiatrists and neurologists began to study and treat deviant sexualities as sickly “perversions.” The ... More

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