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Psychological Stress and Cellular Aging  

Idan Shalev and Waylon J. Hastings

Stress is a multistage process during which an organism perceives, interprets, and responds to threatening environmental stimuli. Physiological activity in the nervous, endocrine, and ... More

Resilience in Later Life  

Nancy A. Pachana, Nicola W. Burton, Deirdre McLaughlin, and Colin A. Depp

Research on healthy aging has begun to address mental health issues in later life. Despite the debates about exactly what constitutes healthy aging and which are the most useful or valid ... More

Social Isolation and Loneliness in Old Age  

Clemens Tesch-Roemer and Oliver Huxhold

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Social isolation refers to the objective lack of social integration. Loneliness, in contrast, refers to the perceived lack of social integration. Loneliness has serious consequences for the ... More

Social Relationships Across Adulthood and Old Age  

Cornelia Wrzus and Jenny Wagner

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
Over the entire life span, social relationships are essential ingredients of human life. Social relationships describe regular interactions with other people over a certain period and ... More

Spatial Development  

Jeffrey J. Lockman, Nicholas E. Fears, and Emily A. Lewis

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Spatial ability is manifest across different psychological domains, including perception, action, and cognition. The development of spatial understanding originates in the perception-action ... More

Specific Language Impairment  

Laurence B. Leonard

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Children with specific language impairment (SLI) have a significant deficit in their ability to acquire language that cannot be attributed to intellectual disability, neurological damage, ... More

Statistical Mediation in Lifespan Developmental Analyses  

Oscar Gonzalez and David P. MacKinnon

Online publication date:
Aug 2018
Lifespan developmental research studies how individuals change throughout their lifetime and how intraindividual or interindividual change leads to future outcomes. Lifespan researchers are ... More

Stress and Coping Theory Across the Adult Lifespan  

Agus Surachman and David M. Almeida

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Stress is a broad and complex phenomenon characterized by environmental demands, internal psychological processes, and physical outcomes. The study of stress is multifaceted and commonly ... More

Subjective Aging and Health  

Gerben J. Westerhof and Susanne Wurm

Aging is often associated with inevitable biological decline. Yet research suggests that subjective aging—the views that people have about their own age and aging—contributes to how long ... More

Substance Use in Later Life  

Stephen J. Bright

In the 21st century, we have seen a significant increase in the use of alcohol and other drugs (AODs) among older adults in most first world countries. In addition, people are living ... More

Successful Aging: History and Prospects  

John W. Rowe and Dawn C. Carr

Online publication date:
Aug 2018
While the factors that influence the well-being of individuals in late life have long been a major concern of research in aging, they have been a particularly active area of research and ... More

Suicide in Later Life  

Kim Van Orden, Caroline Silva, and Yeates Conwell

Suicide in later life is a significant public health problem around the world—a problem that will increase in magnitude in the coming years with the impact of population aging. Adults age ... More

Technology Use by Older Adults  

Sara J. Czaja and Chin Chin Lee

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
The expanding power of computers and the growth of information technologies such as the Internet have made it possible for large numbers of people to have direct access to an increasingly ... More

Temporal Dynamics of Prospective Memory (Event-Related Potentials)  

Robert West

Life is filled with goals or intentions that people hope to realize. Some of these are rather mundane (e.g., remembering to purchase a key ingredient for a recipe when stopping at the ... More

Theoretical Perspectives on Age Differences in Brain Activation: HAROLD, PASA, CRUNCH—How Do They STAC Up?  

Sara B. Festini, Laura Zahodne, and Patricia A. Reuter-Lorenz

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Cognitive neuroimaging studies often report that older adults display more activation of neural networks relative to younger adults, referred to as overactivation. Greater or more ... More

Trajectories of Well-Being in Later Life  

Nardi Steverink

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Well-being is a core concept for both individuals, groups and societies. Greater understanding of trajectories of well-being in later life may contribute to the achievement and maintenance ... More

Visual Attention With Cognitive Aging  

David J. Madden and Zachary A. Monge

Age-related decline occurs in several aspects of fluid, speed-dependent cognition, particularly those related to attention. Empirical research on visual attention has determined that ... More

Visual Development  

Janette Atkinson

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Human visual development is a complex dynamic psychological/neurobiological process, being part of the developing systems for cognition, action, and attention. This article reviews current ... More

Vygotsky and the Cultural-Historical Approach to Human Development  

Ekaterina Zavershneva and René van der Veer

Lev Semyonovich Vygotsky (real name Lev Simkhovich Vygodsky; Orsha 1896–Moscow 1934) was a Russian psychologist who created cultural-historical theory, which proved influential in ... More

William Stern (1871–1938), Eclipsed Star of Early 20th-Century Psychology  

James Lamiell

In the literature of mainstream scientific psychology, German scholar William Stern has been known primarily (if at all) as the inventor of the intelligence quotient (IQ). In fact, however, ... More

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