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History of Feminist Psychology at the University of Vienna, 1984–2000  

Vera Luckgei, Nora Ruck, and Thomas Slunecko

Online publication date:
Jan 2020
Feminist psychological knowledge production has flourished in the German-speaking countries since the late 1970s. But, in contrast to countries like the United States, Canada, or Great ... More

History of Mindfulness and Psychology  

Shauna Shapiro and Elli Weisbaum

Mindfulness practice and protocols—often referred to as mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs)—have become increasingly popular in every sector of society, including healthcare, education, ... More

History of Organizational Psychology  

Helio Carpintero

Organizational psychology represents an important theoretical and practical field of contemporary psychological science that studies mental and behavioral phenomena that take place in ... More

History of Spanish Psychology, 1800–2000  

Javier Bandrés

Online publication date:
Jan 2020
In the history of Spanish psychology in the 19th century, three stages can be distinguished. An eclectic first stage was defined by the coexistence of currents such as spiritualism, ... More

History of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology in Australia  

Jeffrey Bond and Tony Morris

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
Australian sport psychology was effectively “launched” in conjunction with the establishment of the Australian Institute of Sport (AIS) in 1981. Prior to this date, sport psychology sat ... More

History of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology in Europe  

Stiliani "Ani" Chroni and Frank Abrahamsen

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
The evolution in sport, exercise, and performance psychology in Europe goes back to the 1800s and spread from the east (Germany and Russia) to the west of the continent (France). Modern ... More

History of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology in North America  

Vincent J. Granito

Online publication date:
May 2017
The history of sport, exercise, and performance psychology in North America dates back to the late 1800s. However, these professionals typically conducted research in the area of motor ... More

History of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology in Southern Africa  

Clinton Gahwiler, Lee Hill, and Valérie Grand’Maison

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Since the 1970s, significant growth globally has occurred in the related fields of sport, exercise, and performance psychology. In Southern Africa, however, this growth has occurred ... More

History of the Personality Disorders Narcissism and Psychopathic Personality  

Elizabeth Lunbeck

Online publication date:
Feb 2020
Psychopathic personality (a term that has been largely supplanted in psychologists’ and psychiatrists’ nosologies by anti-social personality disorder) and narcissism are venerable, widely ... More

HIV/AIDS in Later Life  

Philip Sayegh, David J. Moore, and Pariya Fazeli Wheeler

Online publication date:
Dec 2018
Since the first cluster of people with HIV was identified in 1981, significant biomedical advances, most notably the development of antiretroviral therapy (ART), have led to considerably ... More

A Holistic and Mental Health Perspective on Transitioning Out of Elite Sport  

Paul Wylleman

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Athletes’ transition out of elite sport has drawn the attention of psychologists in view of the number of problems retired athletes face with which they are generally unprepared to cope. ... More

Home-Based Care and Primary Care Settings for Delivery of Geropsychology Services to Older Persons  

Srijana Shrestha

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Despite high rates of mental illnesses, older adults face multiple barriers in accessing mental health care. Primary care clinics, and home- and community-based senior-serving agencies are ... More

Human Aggression  

Christopher Groves and Craig A. Anderson

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
This chapter reviews the history of modern psychological inquiry into human aggression and the development of aggression theory over time. Definitions of aggression-related phenomena are ... More

Humanistic Theory in Sport, Performance, and Sports Coaching Psychology  

Rebecca K. Dickinson, Tristan J. Coulter, and Clifford J. Mallett

As a basic psychological framework, humanistic theory emphasizes a strong interest in human welfare, values, and dignity. It involves the study and understanding of the unique whole person ... More

Human Resource Management and Organizational Psychology  

David E. Guest

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Human resources (HR) management addresses those policies, practices, and activities concerned with the management of people in organizations. Although it is typically considered at multiple ... More

Identity Development in Adolescence and Adulthood  

Jane Kroger

Psychoanalyst Erik Erikson was the first professional to describe and use the concept of ego identity in his writings on what constitutes healthy personality development for every ... More

Illness-Related Cognition  

Amy E. Richardson and Elizabeth Broadbent

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Cognitions about illness have been identified as contributors to health-related behavior, psychological well-being, and overall health. Several different theories have been developed to ... More

Immigration, Migration, and Culture  

Victoria M. Esses

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Migration is the movement of people from one location to another, either within a country (internal migration between cities or regions) or between countries (international migration). ... More

Implicit Memory and Cognitive Aging  

Emma V. Ward and David R. Shanks

Online publication date:
Dec 2018
It is well documented that explicit (declarative, conscious) memory declines in normal aging. Studies have shown a progressive reduction in this form of memory with age, and healthy older ... More

Imprinting as Social Learning  

Timothy Johnston

Imprinting is a form of rapid, supposedly irreversible learning that results from exposure to an object during a specific period (a critical or sensitive period) during early life and ... More

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