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Creativity  

Liane Gabora

Online publication date:
May 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
History and Systems of Psychology
Creativity is perhaps what most differentiates humans from other species. Understanding creativity is particularly important in times of accelerated cultural and environmental change, such ... More

Culture and Human Development  

Martin J. Packer and Michael Cole

Online publication date:
May 2020
There is growing appreciation of the role of culture in children’s psychological development (also called human ontogenesis). However, there are several distinct approaches to research on ... More

Group Norms  

Joanne R. Smith

Online publication date:
May 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Social Psychology
As social animals, humans are strongly influenced by the opinions and actions of those around them. Group norms are the expectations and behaviors associated with a social group, such as a ... More

Hunger  

Neil E. Rowland

Online publication date:
May 2020
Hunger is a specific and compelling sensation, sometimes arising from internal signals of nutrient depletion but more often modulated by numerous environmental variables including taste or ... More

Intergroup Attribution  

Thomas F. Pettigrew

Online publication date:
May 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Social Psychology
Intergroup attribution refers to causal attributions that people make about the behavior of out-groups and their own in-group. Attribution theory began in the late 1950s and 1960s. This ... More

Mind Cure and Mental Therapeutics in the Late 19th-Century United States  

David Schmit

Online publication date:
May 2020
Mind cure, or mental healing, was a late 19th-century American healing movement that extolled a metaphysical mind-over-matter approach to the treatment of illness. Emerging in New England ... More

Scientific Racism and North American Psychology  

Andrew S. Winston

Online publication date:
May 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
History and Systems of Psychology
The use of psychological concepts and data to promote ideas of an enduring racial hierarchy dates from the late 1800s and has continued to the present. The history of scientific racism in ... More

Social Psychology and Language  

Susan C. Baker, Bernadette M. Watson, and Cindy Gallois

Online publication date:
May 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Social Psychology
Language is a social behavior and a key aspect of social interaction. Language is ubiquitous and usually occurs with other human behaviors across diverse contexts. Thus, it is difficult to ... More

The History of Psychological Psychotherapy in Germany: The Rise of Psychology in Mental Health Care and the Emergence of Clinical Psychology During the 20th Century  

Lisa Malich

Online publication date:
May 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
History and Systems of Psychology
Two different but related developments played an important role in the history of psychologists in the fields of mental health care in Germany during the 20th century. The first development ... More

Culture and Intelligence  

Robert J. Sternberg

Online publication date:
Apr 2020
Intelligence needs to be understood in the cultural contexts in which it is displayed. For one thing, people in different cultures have different conceptions (implicit theories) of what ... More

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