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Neurocognitive Aging and Functional Connectivity Using Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging  

Hana Burianová

Determining the mechanisms that underlie neurocognitive aging, such as compensation or dedifferentiation, and facilitating the development of effective strategies for cognitive improvement ... More

New Directions in Theories of Emotion and Aging  

Joseph A. Mikels and Nathaniel A. Young

Online publication date:
Dec 2018
The adult life span is characterized as a time of divergent trajectories. It is a time of compounding losses (such as physical, sensory, and cognitive declines) and is also a time of ... More

Object Perception  

Scott P. Johnson

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Visual scenes tend to be very complex: a multitude of overlapping surfaces varying in shape, color, texture, and depth relative to the observer. Yet most observers effortlessly perceive ... More

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder  

Jonathan S. Abramowitz

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is one of the most destructive psychological disorders. Its symptoms often interfere with work or school, interpersonal relationships, and with ... More

Occupational Health Psychology  

Sharon Clarke

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Occupational health psychology is concerned with improving the quality of work life and protecting and promoting the safety, health, and well-being of workers. Research and theoretical ... More

Organizational Behavior  

Neal M. Ashkanasy and Alana D. Dorris

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Organizational behavior (OB) is a discipline that includes principles from psychology, sociology, and anthropology. Its focus is on understanding how people behave in organizational work ... More

Organizational Climate and Culture  

Mark G. Ehrhart and Benjamin Schneider

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Research on the internal psychosocial environment of work organizations has largely been captured through the study of two constructs: organizational climate and organizational culture. ... More

Organizational Sensemaking  

Ravi S. Kudesia

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Since the 1980s, the management and organizations literature has grown substantially, turning over the years toward cognitive, discursive, and phenomenological perspectives. At the heart ... More

Organization Change  

George P. Huber and Jean M. Bartunek

Online publication date:
Oct 2019
A “change” is a difference in an entity’s state, condition, or property that occurs across an interval of time and can take place in multiple ways. The scope and variety of organization ... More

Overqualification in the Workplace  

Berrin Erdogan, Talya N. Bauer, and Aysegul Karaeminogullari

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Overqualification is a unique form of underemployment, which represents a state where the employee’s education, abilities, knowledge, skills, and/or experience exceed job requirements and ... More

Parent–Child Relations and Their Importance for Older Adults  

Kyungmin Kim and Yijung Kim

Online publication date:
Dec 2018
The parent-child relationship is one of the most significant social relations for many individuals. In particular, intergenerational ties to adult children often remain as one of the main ... More

Perfectionism and Performance in Sport, Education, and the Workplace  

Daniel J. Madigan, Andrew P. Hill, Sarah H. Mallinson-Howard, Thomas Curran, and Gareth E. Jowett

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Perfectionism and performance have long been intertwined. The conceptual history of this relationship is best considered complex, with some theorists maintaining that perfectionism is ... More

Performance Consultants in Sport and Performance Psychology  

David Tod

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Since the 1890s, the field of applied sport psychology has gained increasing visibility within the sport and exercise science, psychology, and mainstream communities. Associated with this ... More

Performance Psychology with Performing Artists  

Kate F. Hays

Online publication date:
May 2017
Performance psychology addresses issues of optimal performance across a wide range of fields. Optimal performance can be enhanced via psychological methods; psychology also addresses the ... More

Personality and Health  

Sarah E. Hampson

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Although the belief that personality is linked to health goes back at least to Greek and Roman times, the scientific study of these links began in earnest only during the last century. The ... More

Personality Assessment in Clinical Psychology  

Katy W. Martin-Fernandez and Yossef S. Ben-Porath

Attempts at informal personality assessment can be traced back to our distant ancestors. As the field of Clinical Psychology emerged and developed over time, efforts were made to create ... More

Personality Disorders in Later Life  

S.P.J. van Alphen and S.M.J. Heijnen-Kohl

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Personality disorders severely impact a person’s functioning in many ways. Although a person may have found ways to cope throughout life, at an older age underlying dysfunctional patterns ... More

Personnel Selection  

Jesús F. Salgado

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Personnel selection is one of the most critical processes in the study of human work behavior because it determines the efficacy of many other issues of human resource management (e.g., ... More

Physical Activity and Inactivity Impacts on Cognitive and Emotional Functioning in Later Life  

Patrick D. Gajewski and Michael Falkenstein

Healthy aging is associated with changes in sensory, motor, cognitive, and emotional functions. Such changes depend on various factors. In particular, physical activity not only improves ... More

Physical Activity and Personality Traits  

Ryan E. Rhodes and Patrick Boudreau

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
The physical, psychological, and economic benefits of regular moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity are well substantiated. Unfortunately, few people in developed countries ... More

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