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Multilevel Modeling and Multilevel Structural Equation Modeling in Lifespan Developmental Analyses  

Kimberly L. Fine and Kevin J. Grimm

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Multilevel modeling is a data analytic framework that is appropriate when analyzing data that are dependent due to the clustering of observations in higher-level units. Clustered data ... More

Multilevel Modeling Methods  

Vicente González-Romá and Ana Hernández

Human behavior takes place in different contexts (e.g., organizations, schools, families, sports teams, and communities) whose properties (e.g., climate, culture, cohesion, leadership, ... More

Nature and Nurture as an Enduring Tension in the History of Psychology  

Hunter Honeycutt

Nature–nurture is a dichotomous way of thinking about the origins of human (and animal) behavior and development, where “nature” refers to native, inborn, causal factors that function ... More

Neurocognitive Aging and Brain Signal Complexity  

Anthony Randal McIntosh

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Brain organization can be measured across multiple spatial and temporal scales where each scale affects the other in the emergent functions that are known as cognition. As a complex ... More

Neurocognitive Aging and Functional Connectivity Using Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging  

Hana Burianová

Determining the mechanisms that underlie neurocognitive aging, such as compensation or dedifferentiation, and facilitating the development of effective strategies for cognitive improvement ... More

New Directions in Theories of Emotion and Aging  

Joseph A. Mikels and Nathaniel A. Young

Online publication date:
Dec 2018
The adult life span is characterized as a time of divergent trajectories. It is a time of compounding losses (such as physical, sensory, and cognitive declines) and is also a time of ... More

Object Perception  

Scott P. Johnson

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Visual scenes tend to be very complex: a multitude of overlapping surfaces varying in shape, color, texture, and depth relative to the observer. Yet most observers effortlessly perceive ... More

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder  

Jonathan S. Abramowitz

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is one of the most destructive psychological disorders. Its symptoms often interfere with work or school, interpersonal relationships, and with ... More

Occupational Health Psychology  

Sharon Clarke

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Occupational health psychology is concerned with improving the quality of work life and protecting and promoting the safety, health, and well-being of workers. Research and theoretical ... More

Organizational Behavior  

Neal M. Ashkanasy and Alana D. Dorris

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Organizational behavior (OB) is a discipline that includes principles from psychology, sociology, and anthropology. Its focus is on understanding how people behave in organizational work ... More

Organizational Climate and Culture  

Mark G. Ehrhart and Benjamin Schneider

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Research on the internal psychosocial environment of work organizations has largely been captured through the study of two constructs: organizational climate and organizational culture. ... More

Organizational Sensemaking  

Ravi S. Kudesia

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Since the 1980s, the management and organizations literature has grown substantially, turning over the years toward cognitive, discursive, and phenomenological perspectives. At the heart ... More

Overqualification in the Workplace  

Berrin Erdogan, Talya N. Bauer, and Aysegul Karaeminogullari

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Overqualification is a unique form of underemployment, which represents a state where the employee’s education, abilities, knowledge, skills, and/or experience exceed job requirements and ... More

Parent–Child Relations and Their Importance for Older Adults  

Kyungmin Kim and Yijung Kim

Online publication date:
Dec 2018
The parent-child relationship is one of the most significant social relations for many individuals. In particular, intergenerational ties to adult children often remain as one of the main ... More

Perfectionism and Performance in Sport, Education, and the Workplace  

Daniel J. Madigan, Andrew P. Hill, Sarah H. Mallinson-Howard, Thomas Curran, and Gareth E. Jowett

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Perfectionism and performance have long been intertwined. The conceptual history of this relationship is best considered complex, with some theorists maintaining that perfectionism is ... More

Performance Consultants in Sport and Performance Psychology  

David Tod

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Since the 1890s, the field of applied sport psychology has gained increasing visibility within the sport and exercise science, psychology, and mainstream communities. Associated with this ... More

Performance Psychology with Performing Artists  

Kate F. Hays

Online publication date:
May 2017
Performance psychology addresses issues of optimal performance across a wide range of fields. Optimal performance can be enhanced via psychological methods; psychology also addresses the ... More

Personality and Health  

Sarah E. Hampson

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Although the belief that personality is linked to health goes back at least to Greek and Roman times, the scientific study of these links began in earnest only during the last century. The ... More

Personality Assessment in Clinical Psychology  

Katy W. Martin-Fernandez and Yossef S. Ben-Porath

Attempts at informal personality assessment can be traced back to our distant ancestors. As the field of Clinical Psychology emerged and developed over time, efforts were made to create ... More

Personality Disorders in Later Life  

S.P.J. van Alphen and S.M.J. Heijnen-Kohl

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Personality disorders severely impact a person’s functioning in many ways. Although a person may have found ways to cope throughout life, at an older age underlying dysfunctional patterns ... More

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