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Physical Activity and Inactivity Impacts on Cognitive and Emotional Functioning in Later Life  

Patrick D. Gajewski and Michael Falkenstein

Healthy aging is associated with changes in sensory, motor, cognitive, and emotional functions. Such changes depend on various factors. In particular, physical activity not only improves ... More

Physical Activity and Personality Traits  

Ryan E. Rhodes and Patrick Boudreau

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
The physical, psychological, and economic benefits of regular moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity are well substantiated. Unfortunately, few people in developed countries ... More

Physical Activity and Sleep  

Sayaka Aritake-Okada and Sunao Uchida

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Research indicates that both acute and chronic physical activity improve sleep. Effects on sleep include prolongation of total sleep time, slow wave sleep increase, rapid eye movement ... More

Physical Activity and Stress Reactivity  

Stephen H. Boutcher

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Cardiovascular disease has been estimated to be responsible for over 30% of deaths worldwide. The traditional cardiovascular risk factors of smoking, obesity, diabetes, physical ... More

Physical Activity, Physical Fitness, and Anxiety  

Steven J. Petruzzello

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
A historically popular research topic in exercise psychology has been the examination of the exercise-anxiety relationship, with an ever-growing literature exploring the link between ... More

Physical Activity, Physical Fitness, and Cognition  

Jennifer L. Etnier

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
There is substantial interest in identifying the behavioral means by which to improve cognitive performance. Recent research and commercial ventures have focused on cognitive training ... More

Physical Activity, Physical Fitness, and Depression  

Felipe B. Schuch and Brendon Stubbs

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Depression is a leading cause of global burden affecting people across all ages, genders, and socioeconomic groups. Antidepressants are the cornerstone of treatment, yet treatment response ... More

Physical Activity, Physical Fitness, and Quality of Life  

Brian C. Focht and Ciaran M. Fairman

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Health-related quality of life (HRQL) is a multidimensional subcomponent of quality of life involving subjective appraisal of various dimensions of one’s life that can be affected by ... More

Physical Contexts and Behavioral Aging  

Frank Oswald and Hans-Werner Wahl

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Along with the social, economic, care-related, organizational, and technological context, the physical and infrastructural environment indoors and out of the home has gained attention in ... More

Population Aging and Globalization: The Impact of Cultural and Social Change  

Christopher Phillipson

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Globalization has become an influential force in the construction of older age, notably in the framing of social and economic policies designed to manage and regulate demographic change. ... More

Potentially Harmful Treatments  

Scott O. Lilienfeld

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Although psychotherapy is on balance effective for a broad array of psychological problems, a relatively small but steadily accumulating body of evidence suggests that at least some ... More

Prejudice  

John F. Dovidio, Fabian M. H. Schellhaas, and Adam R. Pearson

Online publication date:
May 2019
Prejudice is an attitude toward a social group and its members that can be expressed as either a negative or positive (e.g., paternalistic) evaluation and creates or maintains hierarchical ... More

Prevalence, Measurement, and Experience of Eating Disorders in Sport and Retirement  

Trent A. Petrie

Although the specific prevalence rates may vary, eating disorders (ED) affect male and female athletes regardless of sport type and competitive level. Generally, rates of subclinical ... More

Progressive Neurological Conditions and Their Impact on Psychological Well-Being in Later Life  

Nadeeka N. Dissanayaka

Progressive neurological disorders are incurable disorders with gradual deterioration and impacting patients for life. Two common progressive neurological disorders found in late life are ... More

Prospective Memory and Cognitive Aging  

Simon J. Haines, Jill Talley Shelton, Julie D. Henry, Gill Terrett, Thomas Vorwerk, and Peter G. Rendell

Tasks that involve remembering to carry out future intentions (such as remembering to attend an appointment), and the cognitive processes that enable the completion of such tasks (such as ... More

Psychodynamic Psychotherapies  

Mary V. Minges and Jacques P. Barber

Online publication date:
May 2017
Psychodynamic psychotherapies (PDP) is an umbrella term for a variety of therapeutic modalities that have evolved out of the psychoanalytic/psychodynamic tradition, each theorizing a ... More

Psychological Aspects of Athletic Training  

Heather N. Schuyler, Brieanne R. Seguin, Nicole Anne Wilkins, and J. Jordan Hamson-Utley

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
The practice of athletic training involves both physical and psychological strategies when leading patients through the injury recovery process. Research on the psychology of injury offers ... More

Psychological Aspects of Tobacco Control  

Jennifer McGowan and Lion Shahab

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Worldwide, tobacco use is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. However, the health effects of smoking are reversible, making smoking cessation an important target for public health ... More

Psychological Assessment of Older Persons  

Jarred Gallegos, Julie Lutz, Emma Katz, and Barry Edelstein

The assessment of older adults is quite challenging in light of the many age-related physiological and metabolic changes, increased number of chronic diseases with potential psychiatric ... More

Psychological Considerations for Children and Adolescents in Sport and Performance  

Mary Fry and Candace M. Hogue

Online publication date:
May 2018
There is a large literature base within the field of sport psychology that provides tremendous direction to coaches and parents on how to structure youth sport so that young athletes ... More

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