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Dogmatism and the Need for Closure  

Amber M. Gaffney and Natasha La Vogue

Online publication date:
Sep 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Social Psychology
Research and both applications of theories of dogmatism and the need for closure implicate the importance of closed belief systems in cognition, social interactions, and decision-making. ... More

Negotiation and Bargaining  

Wolfgang Steinel and Fieke Harinck

Online publication date:
Sep 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Social Psychology
Bargaining and negotiation are the most constructive ways to handle conflict. Economic prosperity, order, harmony, and enduring social relationships are more likely to be reached by parties ... More

Social Development Across the Lifespan  

Kendall Cotton Bronk, Elyse Postlewaite, Betsy Blackard, Jordan Boeder, and Hannah Lucas

Online publication date:
Sep 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Developmental Psychology
Social development refers to the process through which individuals learn to get along with others. It encompasses the formation of friendships and romantic relationships as well as ... More

A History of Pavlovian Science  

Gabriel Ruiz and Natividad Sánchez

Online publication date:
Aug 2020
Transnational historiography, which emerged in the 1990s, covers historical phenomena that transcend the boundaries of the nation-state, analyzing the processes of circulation, ... More

Attitudes and Behavior  

Geoffrey Haddock, Sapphira Thorne, and Lukas Wolf

Online publication date:
Aug 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Social Psychology
Attitudes refer to overall evaluations of people, groups, ideas, and other objects, reflecting whether individuals like or dislike them. Attitudes have been found to be good predictors of ... More

Brain Development  

Robbin Gibb

Online publication date:
Aug 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Neuropsychology
The process of brain development begins shortly after conception and in humans takes decades to complete. Indeed, it has been argued that brain development occurs over the lifespan. A ... More

Brain Lesions  

Ian Q. Whishaw and Megan Okuma

Online publication date:
Aug 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Cognitive Psychology/Neuroscience
A brain lesion is an area of damage, injury, or abnormal change to a part of the brain. Brain lesions may be caused by head injury, disease, surgery, or congenital disorders, and they are ... More

Bystander Apathy  

Steve A. Nida

Online publication date:
Aug 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Social Psychology
The brutal 1964 murder of Kitty Genovese sparked widespread public interest, primarily because it was reported to have taken place in view of some 38 witnesses, most of whom had seen the ... More

Crowds and Collective Behavior  

John Drury and Stephen Reicher

Online publication date:
Aug 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Social Psychology
The challenge for a psychology of crowds and collective behavior is to explain how large numbers of people are, spontaneously, able to act together in patterned and socially meaningful ways ... More

Development of Judgment, Decision Making, and Rationality  

Maggie Toplak and Jala Rizeq

Online publication date:
Aug 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Psychology and Other Disciplines
There is a long tradition of studying children’s reasoning and thinking in cognitive development and education. The initial studies in the cognitive development of reasoning were motivated ... More

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