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Acquired Brain Injury (Stroke and TBI) in Later Life  

Megan S. Barker, Emily C. Gibson, and Gail A. Robinson

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
The term “acquired brain injury” refers to any type of brain damage that occurs after birth. Two main types of acquired brain injury are stroke and traumatic brain injury (TBI). A stroke ... More

Aging and Cognitive Skill Learning  

Jack Kuhns and Dayna R. Touron

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
The study of aging and cognitive skill learning is concerned with age-related changes and differences in how we gather, store, and use information and abilities. As life expectancy ... More

Attentional Processes in Sport and Performance  

Aidan Moran and John Toner

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
We are constantly bombarded by information. Therefore, during every waking moment of our lives, we face decisions about which stimuli to prioritize and which ones to ignore. To complicate ... More

Autism Spectrum Disorders in Later Life  

Ye In (Jane) Hwang, Kitty-Rose Foley, Samuel Arnold, and Julian Trollor

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD), or autism, is a neurodevelopmental disorder that is typically recognized and diagnosed in childhood. There is no established biological marker for autism; ... More

Awareness of Aging Processes  

Anne Josephine Dutt, Hans-Werner Wahl, and Manfred Diehl

The term Awareness of Aging (AoA) incorporates all aspects of individuals’ perceptions, behavioral experiences, and subjective interpretations related to their process of growing older. In ... More

Cognition and Mobility With Aging  

Karen Z. H. Li, Halina Bruce, and Rachel Downey

Research on the interplay of cognition and mobility in old age is inherently multidisciplinary, informed by findings from life span developmental psychology, kinesiology, cognitive ... More

Cognitive Consistency in Social Cognition  

Skylar M. Brannon and Bertram Gawronski

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
The desire to maintain consistency between cognitions has been recognized by many psychologists as an important human motive. Research on this topic has been highly influential in a ... More

Cognitive Intervention in Older Adults With Mild Cognitive Impairment  

Benjamin Boller and Sylvie Belleville

Online publication date:
Dec 2018
Individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) experience cognitive difficulties and many find themselves in a transitional stage between aging and dementia, making this population a ... More

Cognitive Rehabilitation in Mild and Moderate Dementia  

Aleksandra Kudlicka and Linda Clare

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
The number of people living with dementia is growing, and with limited pharmacological treatment options the importance of psychosocial interventions is increasingly recognized. Cognitive ... More

Cognitive Reserve in the Aging Brain  

Michael J. Valenzuela

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Cognitive reserve refers to the many ways that neural, cognitive, and psychosocial processes can adapt and change in response to brain aging, damage, or disease, with the overarching ... More

Critical Role of Social–Cognitive Age Representations  

Alison Chasteen, Maria Iankilevitch, Jordana Schiralli, and Veronica Bergstrom

In 2016, Statistics Canada released the results of the most recent census. For the first time ever, the proportion of Canadians aged 65-plus years surpassed the proportion aged 15 and ... More

Culture and Human Development  

Michael Cole and Martin Packer

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology. Please check back later for the full article. There ... More

Dyslexia  

Linda Siegel

Dyslexia, or a reading disability, occurs when an individual has great difficulty at the level of word reading and decoding. Comprehension of text, writing, and spelling are also affected. ... More

Episodic Future Thinking and Cognitive Aging  

Daniel L. Schacter, Aleea L. Devitt, and Donna Rose Addis

Online publication date:
Dec 2018
Episodic future thinking refers to the ability to imagine or simulate experiences that might occur in an individual’s personal future. It has been known for decades that ... More

Healthy and Pathological Neurocognitive Aging: Spectral and Functional Connectivity Analyses Using Magnetoencephalography  

Gianluca Susi, Jaisalmer de Frutos-Lucas, Guiomar Niso, Su Miao Ye-Chen, Luis Antón Toro, Brenda Nadia Chino Vilca, and Fernando Maestú

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Oscillatory activity present in brain signals reflects the underlying time-varying electrical discharges within and between ensembles of neurons. Among the variety of non-invasive ... More

Implicit Memory and Cognitive Aging  

Emma V. Ward and David R. Shanks

Online publication date:
Dec 2018
It is well documented that explicit (declarative, conscious) memory declines in normal aging. Studies have shown a progressive reduction in this form of memory with age, and healthy older ... More

Influence of Anxiety on Cognitive Control Processes  

DeMond M. Grant and Evan J. White

Cognitive control is the ability to direct attention and cognitive resources toward achieving one’s goals. However, research indicates that anxiety biases multiple cognitive processes, ... More

Insomnia and Clinical Sleep Disturbance in Later Life  

Simon Smith

Sleep health is understood as a key factor in lifelong health and for social participation, function, and satisfaction. In later life, insomnia and other sleep disturbances are common. ... More

Language Acquisition  

Erica H. Wojcik, Irene de la Cruz-Pavía, and Janet F. Werker

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Language is a structured form of communication that is unique to humans. Within the first few years of life, typically developing children can understand and produce full sentences in ... More

Language and Cognitive Aging  

Lori E. James and Sara Anne Goring

Online publication date:
Dec 2018
The questions of whether and why language processes change in healthy aging require complicated answers. Although comprehension appears to be more stable across adulthood than does ... More

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