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A Historical View on Attitudes and Persuasion  

Pablo Briñol, Richard E. Petty, and Joshua J Guyer

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
The history of attitudes research can be organized into three main sections covering attitude definition and measurement, attitude-behavior relationships, and attitude change. First, an ... More

A History of the Concepts of Harmony in Chinese Culture  

Louise Sundararajan

This historical overview of the concepts of harmony in Chinese culture situates the topic in the ecological context of a strong-ties society that fosters a type of rationality that ... More

Alternative Therapies: Sociodrama, Nude Therapy, Primal Scream, Psychedelic  

Erika Dyck and Emmanuel Delille

Online publication date:
Feb 2020
Alternative therapies are sometimes associated with non-biological approaches, or practices that do not undergo rigorous testing or produce consistently repeatable results. In the 1970s, ... More

Anglo-American Psychology in the Cold War  

Marcia E. Holmes

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
From the end of World War II until roughly 1989, global leaders feared that cataclysmic war would break out between the world’s two superpower states, the Soviet Union and the United ... More

Animal Cognition  

Sarah Krichbaum, Adam Davila, Lucia Lazarowski, and Jeffrey S. Katz

The contemporary field of animal cognition began over 150 years ago when Charles Darwin posed questions regarding the abilities of the animal mind. Animal cognition is a science dedicated ... More

Animal Learning and Cognition  

Michael J. Beran

Online publication date:
Jan 2020
Comparative psychology is the study of behavior and cognition across species. In recent decades, much of this research has focused on cognitive capacities that are well studied in humans. ... More

Attachment Theory from Ethology to the Strange Situation  

Marga Vicedo

Online publication date:
Feb 2020
In psychology, the term “attachment” has been made popular by British psychiatrist and psychoanalyst John Bowlby’s theory about the adaptive value of the mother–infant bond. Bowlby was not ... More

Boris Ananiev’s Theory of Self-Determination of Human Development  

Irina Mironenko

Ananiev’s approach shares the Activity Theory (AT) paradigm, dominant in Soviet psychology. Ananiev builds on the main fundamentals of the AT paradigm, considering psyche as a special ... More

Ever-Emerging Theories of Aging  

W. Andrew Achenbaum

Online publication date:
Dec 2018
Edmund V. Cowdry’s Problems of Ageing (1939), the first U.S. handbook in gerontology, spurred efforts to systematize and communicate data and hypotheses in a “discouragingly difficult ... More

Forensic Psychology in Historical Perspective  

Heather Wolffram

Forensic psychology in the 21st century entails the application of psychology to all aspects of the criminal justice process. Forensic psychologists, therefore, are engaged in the ... More

Foundations of Philosophical Functionalism  

Lawrence A. Shapiro

Philosophical functionalism, as distinct from the psychological school of functionalism that enjoyed popularity around the turn of the 20th century, is a theory about the nature of mental ... More

Gestalt Psychology  

Horst Gundlach

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Gestalt psychology is an holistic approach to psychology launched in 1910 by three psychologists: Max Wertheimer, Wolfgang Köhler, and Kurt Koffka. It was conceived to oppose elementary or ... More

Gustav Theodor Fechner: Psychophysics and Natural Science  

David Robinson

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Gustav Theodor Fechner (b. 1801–d. 1887) is well known to psychologists as the founder of psychophysics, a set of methods for empirically relating measured sensory stimulus to reported ... More

A Historical Overview of Psychological Inquiry as a Contested Method  

Karyna Pryiomka and Joshua Clegg

Like science in general, psychological research has never had a method. Rather, psychologists have deployed many methods under quite variable justifications. The history of these methods is ... More

History of Chinese Indigenous Psychology  

Olwen Bedford and Kuang-Hui Yeh

Chinese indigenous psychology (Chinese IP) requires that the researchers’ theories, concepts, methods, tools, and results explicitly incorporate the structures and processes of the studied ... More

History of Evidence-Based Practice  

Scott O. Lilienfeld and Candice Basterfield

Evidence-based therapies stemmed from the movement toward evidence-based medicine, and later, evidence-based practice (EBP) in psychology and allied fields. EBP reflects a progressive ... More

History of Feminist Psychology at the University of Vienna, 1984–2000  

Vera Luckgei, Nora Ruck, and Thomas Slunecko

Online publication date:
Jan 2020
Feminist psychological knowledge production has flourished in the German-speaking countries since the late 1970s. But, in contrast to countries like the United States, Canada, or Great ... More

History of Mindfulness and Psychology  

Shauna Shapiro and Elli Weisbaum

Mindfulness practice and protocols—often referred to as mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs)—have become increasingly popular in every sector of society, including healthcare, education, ... More

History of Organizational Psychology  

Helio Carpintero

Organizational psychology represents an important theoretical and practical field of contemporary psychological science that studies mental and behavioral phenomena that take place in ... More

History of Spanish Psychology, 1800–2000  

Javier Bandrés

Online publication date:
Jan 2020
In the history of Spanish psychology in the 19th century, three stages can be distinguished. An eclectic first stage was defined by the coexistence of currents such as spiritualism, ... More

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