The Oxford Encyclopedia of Social Psychology

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Social Psychology

Social psychology is the study of human interaction. It seeks to understand how people affect, and are affected by, other people—how people's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are affected by the real, imagined, or implied presence of other people. Social psychologists employ a wide variety of scientific methods, ranging from laboratory experiments to observational and survey studies conducted in the field. Ultimately, this research is aimed at building, testing, and revising theories of social behavior and interaction. The Oxford Encyclopedia of Social Psychology provides a scholarly, accessible, and up-to-date overview of the field in in-depth articles, which also appear online as part of the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology.

Volume Editor

 Michael Hogg, Claremont Graduate University


Aggression and Prosocial Behavior


Attraction and Close Relationships

Attribution and Social Explanation




Group Processes

Health Psychology

Intergroup Behavior

Language and Communication

Persuasion and Attitude Change

Prejudice and Discrimination

Self and Identity

Social Cognition and Social Thinking

Social Influence



Attitudes (Lukas J. Wolf, Geoffrey Haddock, Gregory R. Maio)
Attitudes and Behavior (Geoffrey Haddock, Sapphira Thorne, Lukas Wolf)
Attitudes and Values (Paul H. P. Hanel, Colin Foad, Gregory R. Maio)
Attributing Inferred Causes and Explanations to Behavior (Gordon B. Moskowitz, Irmak Olcaysoy Okten, Alexandra Sackett)
Bystander Apathy (Steve A. Nida)
Cognitive Consistency in Social Cognition (Skylar M. Brannon, Bertram Gawronski)
Cognitive Dissonance and Attitude Change (Jeff Stone, John J. Taylor)
Compliance and Social Psychology (Chad R. Mortensen, Robert B. Cialdini)
Conservation and the Environment (Adam R. Pearson, Matthew T. Ballew)
Crowds and Collective Behavior (John Drury, Stephen Reicher)
Dehumanization, Violence, and Genocide (Steve Loughnan, Mayu Koike, Casey Bevens)
Dogmatism and the Need for Closure (Amber M. Gaffney, Natasha La Vogue)
Empathy and Altruism (Eric L. Stocks, David A. Lishner)
Evolution, Biology, and Attraction (Norman P. Li, Lynn K. L. Tan, Bryan K. C. Choy)
Existential Meaning and Terror Management (Sheldon Solomon, Jeff Greenberg)
Frustration and Relative Deprivation (Kimberly Rios, Cameron D. Mackey)
Gender in a Social Psychology Context (Thekla Morgenroth, Michelle K. Ryan)
Gender, Race, and Leadership (Christopher T. Begeny, C.Y. Edwina Wong, Teri A. Kirby, Floor Rink)
Globalization and Intercultural Relations (Chi Yue Chiu, Anand Benegal, Peter Hays Gries)
Group Cohesion (Kimberly Rios, Cameron D. Mackey)
Group Decision-Making (R. Scott Tindale, Jeremy R. Winget)
Group Norms (Joanne R. Smith)
Group Processes (Charles Stangor)
Human Aggression (Christopher Groves, Craig A. Anderson)
Human Attachment and Affiliation (Vivan Zayas, Ezgi Sakman)
Inference in Social Cognition (D. Vaughn Becker, Christian Unkelbach, Klaus Fiedler)
Intergroup Attribution (Thomas F. Pettigrew)
Intergroup Behavior (Aharon Levy, John F. Dovidio)
Love and Friendship Across the Lifespan (Saeideh Heshmati, Ezra Isabel Cabreros, Olivia Ellis, M. Betsy Blackard)
Major Theories in Social Psychology (Klaus Fiedler, Karolin Salmen)
Multiculturalism and Cultural Assimilation (Ying-yi Hong, Christa Schmidt)
Negotiation and Bargaining (Wolfgang Steinel, Fieke Harinck)
Prejudice (John F. Dovidio, Fabian M. H. Schellhaas, Adam R. Pearson)
Resistance to Persuasion (Dolores Albarracín, Alexander Karan)
Self and Identity (Sanaz Talaifar, William Swann)
Self-Awareness and Self-Knowledge (Mark Alicke, Yiyue Zhang, Nicole Stephenson)
Self-Discrepancy and Regulatory Focus (E. Tory Higgins, Emily Nakkawita)
Self-Esteem and Self-Enhancement (Zachary P. Hohman, Joshua K. Brown)
Social Categorization (Craig McGarty)
Social Cognition (Kyle G. Ratner)
Social Comparison (Zlatan Krizan)
Social Development Across the Lifespan (Kendall Cotton Bronk, Elyse Postlewaite, Betsy Blackard, Jordan Boeder, Hannah Lucas)
Social Influence in Leadership (David E. Rast III, Christine Kershaw)
Social Markers in Language and Speech (Margaret Jane Pitts, Cindy Gallois)
Social Psychology and Language (Susan C. Baker, Bernadette M. Watson, Cindy Gallois)
Stereotypes and Prejudice (David Marx, Sei Jin Ko)
Structure and Function of Attitudes (Pablo Briñol, Richard E. Petty, Maria Stavraki)
Task Performance in Groups (Christine Smith)
Theories of Prejudice (Thomas F. Pettigrew)
Trust and Social Dilemmas (Craig D. Parks)
Why People Join Groups (Zachary P. Hohman, Olivia R. Kuljian)