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date: 14 October 2019

Summary and Keywords

Indian psychology is a nascent discipline, although it has a history that dates back many millennia. It differs from Western psychology both in its the subject matter and its methodology. Whereas Western psychology at present is still anchored in a material worldview and governed by a reductionist paradigm, Indian psychology is founded on the primacy of consciousness as revealed by spiritual experiences and supported by logic and reasoning. Mainstream Western psychology has yet to recognize and accept the spiritual dimension of human nature, though transpersonal psychology emerged in the West fifty years ago. Indian psychology has the potential to enlarge the scope of modern psychology, and Indian psychological thought has universal significance.

Keywords: Atman, purusha, jīva, pudgala, manas, Jainism, Buddhism, Hinduism, Yoga, Vedanta

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