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date: 01 October 2022

Attention in Early Developmentlocked

Attention in Early Developmentlocked

  • Stefania ConteStefania ConteUniversity of South Carolina, Department of Psychology
  •  and John RichardsJohn RichardsUniversity of South Carolina, Department of Psychology

Summary

Attention is a complex construct that shows development throughout the life span and undergoes significant changes over the first years of life. The complexity of attentional processes is described by the different systems and brain network theorized to describe the construct (i.e., alerting, orienting, executive attention, and sustained attention).

Evidence of the development of attention in infancy comes from several behavioral paradigms—primarily focused on the analysis of infants’ eye gaze—physiological measures, and neuroimaging techniques. Many of the changes in attention rely upon the structural and functional development of brain areas involved in attention processes. Behavioral and physiological signs mark the development of attention and are identifiable very early in life.

The investigation of the typical development of attention is pivotal for the understanding of atypical trajectories that characterize many neurodevelopmental disorders. The individuation of alterations in early visual attention processes may be utilized to guide intervention programs aimed at improving attention and other cognitive domains.

Subjects

  • Developmental Psychology

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