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date: 28 February 2024

The Health Economic-Industrial Complex (HEIC) and a New Public Health Perspectivelocked

The Health Economic-Industrial Complex (HEIC) and a New Public Health Perspectivelocked

  • José Gomes TemporãoJosé Gomes TemporãoFundacao Oswaldo Cruz
  •  and Carlos Augusto Grabois GadelhaCarlos Augusto Grabois GadelhaResearch Leader of the Health Economic-Industrial Complex and Innovation Research Group and Prospecting Activities Coordinator of the Presidency Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz)

Summary

The health economic-industrial complex concept was developed in Brazil in the early 2000s, integrating a structuralist view of the political economy with a public health vision. This perspective advances, in relation to sectoral approaches in health industries and services, toward a systemic approach to the productive environment, focusing on the dimensions of innovation and universal access to health. Health production is seen in an interdependent way, recognizing that the different industrial and service sectors have strong articulations that need to be integrated. The shift toward a universal care model that focuses on human and social needs requires a productive knowledge base that favors promotion, prevention, and local and permanent healthcare, requiring new productive patterns of goods and services and innovation. Therefore, these dimensions are not conceptually apart from each other, considering an analytical and political point of view.

The production, care, and sustainability of universal health systems are understood in an integrated and systemic way. Within this vision, a cognitive leap is presented in relation to the traditional health economics, linked to the allocation of scarce resources, to a vision of health political economy that favors the development, expansion, and transformation of the health system and its economic and industrial base. Health is conceived as a moral right of citizenship and a vital space for the development of countries (and for global health), generating social inclusion, equity, innovation, and a possibility for the cooperation between countries and peoples.

The Brazilian experience is an exemplary case of association between the development of theoretical conception and its implementation in the national health policy that led to the link between economic development policies and social policies. It was possible to advance both conceptually in terms of a vision of health and social well-being and in contributing to a new paradigm of public policies. This perspective allowed the guidance of guide industrial development and services toward the human needs and universal health systems, considering the challenges brought by the context of an ongoing fourth technological revolution.

Subjects

  • Health Services Administration/Management
  • Public Health Policy and Governance

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