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date: 30 June 2022

Community-Oriented Primary Health Care for Improving Maternal, Newborn, and Child Healthlocked

Community-Oriented Primary Health Care for Improving Maternal, Newborn, and Child Healthlocked

  • Amira M. Khan, Amira M. KhanDepartment of Pediatrics and Child Health (Centre for Global Child Health), The Aga Khan University
  • Zohra S. LassiZohra S. LassiDepartment of Health and Medical Sciences (Robinson Research Institute), The University of Adelaide
  •  and Zulfiqar A. BhuttaZulfiqar A. BhuttaDepartment of Pediatrics and Child Health (Centre for Global Child Health), The Aga Khan University

Summary

Nearly 80% of the world’s population lives in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) and these regions bear the greatest burden of maternal, neonatal, and child mortality, with most of the deaths occurring at home. Much of global maternal and child mortality is attributable to easily preventable and treatable conditions. However, the challenge lies in reaching the most vulnerable communities, especially the rural populations, making it imperative that maternal, newborn, and child health (MNCH) interventions focus on communities in tandem with facility-based strategies. There is widespread consensus that delivering effective primary health care (PHC) interventions through the continuum of care, starting from pregnancy to delivery and then to the newborn, infant, and the young child, is an integral component of health strategies in high-, middle- and low-income settings.

Despite gaps in research, several effective community-based PHC approaches have been proven to impact MNCH positively. Implementation of these strategies is needed at scale in LMICs and in partnership with all stakeholders including the public and private sector. Community-based PHC, operating on the principles of community engagement and community mobilization, is now more critical than ever. Further robust studies are needed to evaluate certain strategies of community-based PHC and their impact on maternal and child health outcomes, such as the use of mobile technology and social franchises. Recognition of community health workers (CHWs) as a formal cadre and the integration of community-based health services within PHC are vital in strengthening efforts to impact maternal, neonatal, and child health outcomes positively. However, despite the importance of community-based PHC for MNCH in LMICs, the existence of a strong health system and skilled workforce is central to achieving positive health outcomes in these regions.

Subjects

  • Behavioral Science & Health Education
  • Global Health
  • Sexual & Reproductive Health
  • Special Populations

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