Regional Studies of Indigenous Health: Europe and Russia
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Global Public Health. Please check back later for the full article.
The indigenous peoples of Europe and Russia comprise the Inuit in Greenland, the Sami in northern Norway, Sweden, and Finland, and more than 40 officially recognized ethnic groups in northern Russia. While the health of the Inuit and Sami has been well studied, information about the health of the indigenous peoples of Russia is considerably scarcer. The article presents an outline of regional studies of population health and summarizes the major public health challenges that face the indigenous peoples of the North. The overall health of the Sami is, by and large, comparable to that of their non-indigenous neighbors in northern Scandinavia; the health of the Inuit is similar across Greenland and North America, though far less favorable than that of the populations of Denmark, southern Canada, and the lower 48 American states; the health of the indigenous peoples of the Russian north is poor, due partly to poverty and alcohol.