The Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Global Public Health has moved behind the paywall. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the how to subscribe page.
Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Oxford Research Encyclopedias, Global Public Health. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 25 June 2022

Pregnancy and Non-Sexually Transmitted Infectionslocked

Pregnancy and Non-Sexually Transmitted Infectionslocked

  • Ana Luiza Vilela Borges, Ana Luiza Vilela BorgesUniversity of Sao Paulo, School of Nursing
  • Christiane Borges do Nascimento ChofakianChristiane Borges do Nascimento ChofakianUniversity of Sao Paulo, School of Arts, Sciences, and Humanities
  •  and Ana Paula Sayuri SatoAna Paula Sayuri SatoUniversity of Sao Paulo, School of Public Health


The focus on non-sexually transmitted infections during pregnancy is relevant, as they are one of the main causes of fetal and neonatal morbidity and mortality in many regions of the world, especially in low- and middle-income countries, respecting no national boundaries. While their possible vertical transmission may lead to adverse pregnancy outcomes, congenital rubella syndrome, measles, mumps, varicella, influenza, Zika virus, dengue, malaria, and toxoplasmosis are all preventable by measures such as vector control or improvement in sanitation, education, and socioeconomic status. Some are likewise preventable by specific vaccines already available, which can be administered in the first years of childhood. A package for intervention also includes adequate preconception care, routine antenatal screening, diagnosis, and treatment during pregnancy. Non-sexually transmitted diseases during pregnancy have different worldwide distributions and occasionally display as emerging or re-emerging diseases. Their epidemiological and clinical aspects, as well as evidence-based prevention and control measures, are relevant to settings with ongoing transmission or those about to be in vulnerable situations. Non-sexually transmitted infections are major public and global health concerns as potential causes of epidemics or pandemics, with numerous social, economic, and societal impacts..


  • Sexual & Reproductive Health

You do not currently have access to this article


Please login to access the full content.


Access to the full content requires a subscription