Welcome to the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Religion

Learn more

Letter from the editor

Secular Buddhism

"As a quasi-religious movement, Secular Buddhism builds on the secularizing trends within the Buddhist tradition in the modern era. While this article focuses specifically on the movement known as Secular Buddhism (sometimes called Secular Dharma), secularization and the creation of Buddhist modernism are important parts of the cultural context of Secular Buddhism and are introduced first as background. ..." – By Richard K. Payne and Casey Alexandra Kemp


Visual Arts: Abstraction

"The reluctance to recognize this new artistic expressionism seems even more surprising, given abstract visual expression of religious concepts employed across numerous religions for centuries. For example, icon painting in the Byzantine tradition dematerialized nature by conveying a spiritual, rather than physical essence. However, the gulf between religion institutions and influential artists around the turn of the 20th century had its roots in the early modern world and was exacerbated by the rise of the nation-state..." – By Paula Wisotzki

What's New to the OREs

In September 2021, 87 new full articles and 15 revised articles across 21 disciplines have been published on the Oxford Research Encyclopedias platform. Explore the recently published articles now.

Two More Encyclopedias Available via Subscription and Perpetual Access

On September 29, the Oxford Research Encyclopedias of Anthropology and Planetary Science will be available via subscription and perpetual access. After a successful free period during development, the OREs provide in-depth overviews of the major areas of research and will continue to grow with the field over time. If you're a librarian, explore Subscriber Services to learn how to provide access to the OREs for your institution. If you're not a librarian, you can recommend the OREs to your librarian here.

Why the Oxford Research Encyclopedia?

With today’s overabundance of information, and misinformation, students and researchers alike can be overwhelmed in identifying what’s trustworthy, what’s up-to-date, and what’s accurate..

Explore by Discipline

Working with international communities of scholars across all fields of study, we are developing new comprehensive collections of in-depth, peer-reviewed summaries on an ever-growing range of topics..

For Librarians

Oxford University Press offers a variety of tools to help you promote your access to the Oxford Research Encyclopedias and get the most out of these resources.

Recently Published

Browse recently published articles by month, including summaries and previews of forthcoming full-text articles.