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date: 25 February 2024

Martin Luther’s Trinitarian Hermeneutic of Freedomlocked

Martin Luther’s Trinitarian Hermeneutic of Freedomlocked

  • Piotr J. MałyszPiotr J. MałyszSamford University


Luther puts forth a Trinitarian hermeneutic of human willing and the will’s freedom. Luther’s thought in this area is best seen as a response to a problem that medieval theology inherited from Augustine. The puzzle concerns the conceptualization of divine and human agencies. Medieval theology, despite its commitment to emphasizing divine grace, articulated the reality of the two agencies in a way that practically, and then also conceptually, privileged human initiative instead. Luther, in contrast, returns to Augustine’s intuition, though not quite his language, and proposes that nothing short of a Trinitarian conception of freedom will do for the affirmation of human choice that, nonetheless, presupposes and defers consistently to divine initiative and support.


  • Theology and Philosophy of Religion
  • Christianity

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