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Early Christian Worship  

Paul F. Bradshaw

Online publication date:
Mar 2015
The forms of Christian worship changed and developed considerably during the first four centuries of its existence, not least from a distinctive local or regional diversity to an ... More

Ecology and Religious Environmentalism in the United States  

Rebecca Kneale Gould and Laurel Kearns

Online publication date:
May 2018
Any discussion of ecology, environment, and religion in America rightly begins with the American landscape itself. It also properly begins with a reflection on the terms and metaphors that ... More

Ecology and Spirituality  

Leslie E. Sponsel

Online publication date:
May 2019
Interest in the degradation of the “natural” environment, and the scientific, academic, and activist responses including ecology have developed in Western societies largely since the ... More

Ecology in Islam  

Rosemary Hancock

Online publication date:
May 2019
Starting in the late 1960s, a small number of Muslim scholars turned their attention to how the Islamic scriptures and intellectual tradition might help Muslims understand and respond to ... More

Egypt in the Old Testament  

Christopher Hays

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
The relationship between Egypt and ancient Israel and Judah was far more complex than is often recognized. Egypt figures prominently in their national myths of origin as a way station for ... More

Emotion in American Religions  

John Corrigan

Online publication date:
Sep 2015
Emotion is an important part of religions in America. There is great diversity among emotional styles. Some groups are highly emotional, others relatively low in emotional expression, and ... More

Emotions and Experience in Martin Luther  

Pekka Kärkkäinen

Online publication date:
Oct 2016
Martin Luther’s view of emotions is firmly based on traditional language. He prefers to use affect as a general term for emotional phenomena, which includes general inclinations of love ... More

Erotic Representations of the Divine  

Yudit Kornberg Greenberg

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Erotic representations of the divine occupy a pivotal place in religious myths, poetry, liturgy, and theology. Reading eros as a category of religious love highlights its ubiquitous ... More

The Eruv as Contested Jewish Space in North America  

Myer Siemiatycki

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
The eruv is perhaps the most creative, confounding, and contested spatial construct in Judaism. Territorially, it demarcates the urban space within which prohibitions otherwise attached to ... More

Esoteric Buddhism in Southeast Asia  

Nathan McGovern

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
“Esoteric Buddhism” and “Buddhist Tantra” are contested categories to begin with in Buddhist studies; within the specific context of the study of Buddhism in Southeast Asia, they are ... More

Eucharistic Liturgy and Theology  

John Baldovin

Online publication date:
May 2015
The Eucharist is a liturgical meal of bread and wine, which is almost always preceded by a service of reading the Scriptures. Christians attribute the origin of the Eucharist to Jesus ... More

Evangelism, Mission, and Crusade in American Religion  

Sarah Ruble

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Evangelism, mission, and crusade are terms related to spreading a religious message. Although all three words are primarily used in relation to Christianity, evangelism and mission have ... More

The Evolution of Modern Jihadism  

Nelly Lahoud

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Political Islam has generated two ideological strands that use religious ideology to advance their goals, namely, Islamism and jihadism. On the one hand, Islamists have formulated a ... More

Feeling of Emptiness and Religion in America  

John Corrigan

As part of a broader turn in humanities scholarship toward emotion since the late 20th century, scholars of religion increasingly have explored how emotion has been a key component in the ... More

Festivals in Ancient Greece and Rome  

Fritz Graf

Online publication date:
May 2016
Festivals are periods of time, cut out from daily life, during which a group performs activities that are most often thought of as communications with the superhuman world. Festival names ... More

Filial Piety in Chinese Buddhism  

Guang Xing

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Many people, even scholars like Kenneth Ch’en, thought that filial piety is a special feature of Chinese Buddhism because it has been influenced by Confucianism, which considers filial ... More

Film and Religion in America  

Eric Michael Mazur

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Religion intersects with film not only in film content, but also in the production and experience of film. From the earliest period, religious attitudes have shaped how religious ... More

Film Regulation and the Church in America  

William D. Romanowski

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Since the dawn of the cinema at the turn of the 20th century, the church and its vicissitudes have been an essential part of the Hollywood story. There is a basic affinity between film and ... More

Fo Guang Shan  

Kendall Marchman

Online publication date:
Dec 2019
Fo Guang Shan is a transnational Buddhist organization that rose to prominence in the late 20th century. Founded in 1967 by the charismatic monk Hsing Yun, who remains the face of the ... More

Four Noble Truths  

Carol S. Anderson

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
The Buddhist teaching known in English as the four noble truths is most often understood as the single most important teaching of the historical buddha, Siddhartha Gautama, who taught in ... More

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