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Freemasonry’s Sacred Space in America  

Phillip Gordon Mackintosh

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
American Freemasonry is as much a spatial as sacred practice. Emerging from arcane Enlightenment origins, Masonic theology and practice brim with a spatiality representative of Masonry’s ... More

Gender and Public Religion in America  

Stephanie Y. Mitchem

With rapid development, academically and socially, in the past sixty years, gender and public religion in the United States have become a separate field, even as it is integrated into ... More

Gender and Spirituality in Late Modern Western Society  

Karen Pechilis

Gender and spirituality are both terms that signify alterity, especially a critique of established social conventions, including conventions of disciplining personhood on the basis of ... More

Gender, Marriage, and Sexual Purity in American Religious History  

Seth Dowland

Throughout American history, religious people and groups have developed, sustained, or challenged cultural norms around gender, marriage, and sexual purity. Beginning with the earliest ... More

Race, Gender, Sexuality, and Religion in North America  

Anthony Petro

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
The history of religion in the United States cannot be understood without attending to histories of race, gender, and sexuality. Since the 1960s, social and political movements for civil ... More

The German Catholic Dioceses on the Eve of the Reformation  

Charlotte Methuen

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The structures of the late medieval Church into which Martin Luther was born and within which he received his education and theological training were complicated, particularly in the ... More

The Gift in Martin Luther’s Theology  

Bo Kristian Holm

In analyzing the role of gift and giving in Martin Luther’s theology, one almost inevitably has to deal with the contrast between Marcel Mauss’s description of archaic gift economy, where ... More

God and Chance: Christian Perspectives  

David J. Bartholomew

Online publication date:
Apr 2016
In many quarters God and chance are still seen as mutually exclusive alternatives. It is common to hear that ascribing anything to “chance” rules out God’s action. Recent ... More

God in Martin Luther  

Jan-Olav Henriksen

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Luther’s understanding of God saturates his oeuvre, and in turn, this understanding is saturated by his doctrine of the justification of the sinner. God is the sovereign source and origin ... More

God in the Old Testament  

Brent A. Strawn

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Religion. Please check back later for the full article. The God ... More

Gods in Ancient Egypt  

Oskar Kaelin

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
The ancient Egyptians were surrounded by various manifestations of their many gods. Though their gods usually lived in heaven or in the netherworlds, they were permanently represented on ... More

Gods in Ancient Greece and Rome  

Matt Dillon

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
The religions of both the ancient Greeks and Romans were polytheistic (with many gods), but centered on a finite and homogenous group of deities who were worshipped through prayer, animal ... More

Governance in Classical Islamic Thought  

Ovamir Anjum

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Governance in Islamic history has taken many different forms. The formative period saw most innovative deployment of the Arab tribal norms under the guidance of Islamic norms and the ... More

Greek and Roman Priests and Religious Personnel  

Robert Garland

Online publication date:
Apr 2016
The Christian word “priest,” which is generally used to translate the Greek word hiereus and the Latin word sacerdos, only inadequately captures the essence of how those who bore this ... More

Healing and Religion in the United States  

Brett Hendrickson

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Religions, in almost every case, are concerned with healing the sick and the broken. Of course, healing is not the sole feature or function of religion, but for many people, restoration of ... More

Hinduism in America  

Amanda Lucia

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
Hinduism came to the United States first in the American imagination and only second with emissaries and immigrants from India. The initial features of Hinduism that captivated North ... More

Hispanics and Religion in America  

Kristy Nabhan-Warren

What is today known as U.S. “Hispanic” culture is in reality a diverse array of ethnic, regional, national, and religious peoples and communities. Hispanic Americans trace their lineage ... More

History of Ancient Israel  

H. G. M. Williamson

Online publication date:
Sep 2015
The history of ancient Israel is best known to most people from the narratives in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. There, however, the name “Israel” covers a wide diversity of social and ... More

History of Buddhisms in China: The Nanbeichao Period (Late 4th Century to the Sui Dynasty)  

Henrik H. Sørensen

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
The period from the 3rd to the late 6th century, variously known as the period of the Northern and Southern States (Nanbeichao) and the Six Dynasties period (Liuchao) signals a formative ... More

The History of the Modern Liturgical Movement  

Keith F. Pecklers

Online publication date:
Sep 2015
Subject:
Christianity
The 20th-century liturgical movement grew in tandem with the biblical, ecumenical, ecclesiological, and patristic movements, all part of a wider movement of resourcement—a return to ... More

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