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Material Culture and Embodiment in American Religion  

David Morgan

Online publication date:
Mar 2015
In recent years, the study of religion has undergone a useful materialization in the work of many scholars, who are not inclined to define it in terms of ideas, creeds, or doctrines alone, ... More

Medieval Christian Liturgy  

Joanne M. Pierce

Online publication date:
May 2016
The liturgy of the medieval Christian West (ca. 600–1500) provided the structure around which life in Western Europe was structured for almost a thousand years. Rooted in Christian ... More

Memorialization and Religion in America  

Adam M. Ware

Monuments, memorials, and museums mark America’s landscape and define both the purpose of spaces and the actors who inhabit them. From the earliest colonial encounters to the new age of ... More

Millennialism  

Eugene Gallagher

Online publication date:
Feb 2020
As the expectation of imminent, total, collective salvation from a world in dire need of repair, millennialism has long inspired individuals and groups to take dramatic actions in ... More

Moderation in American Religion  

Rosemary R. Corbett

Online publication date:
May 2017
Religious moderation is hardly the first thing that comes to mind when considering the history of the United States. Would one have spoken of the Puritans as moderates? Could one ... More

Modern Christian Liturgy  

Bryan D. Spinks

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Christianity
What exactly is meant by the term “Modern Christian Liturgy”? At one level it could mean any recent worship service in any church, for example, the Divine Liturgy of the Ethiopian-Eritrean ... More

Modern Yoga  

Andrea Jain

Modern yoga refers to a variety of systems that developed as early as the 19th century as a consequence of capitalist production, colonial and industrial endeavors, global developments in ... More

Mongolian Buddhism in the Democratic Period  

Saskia Abrahms-Kavunenko

During the socialist period in Mongolia (1921–1990), the public practice of Buddhism, along with other religious practices, was restricted. Since the Democratic Revolution of 1989–1990, ... More

Mongolian Buddhism in the Early 20th Century  

Matthew W. King

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Mongol lands were bastions of Mahāyāna (Mon. yeke kölgen) and Vajrayāna (Mon. vačir kölgen) Buddhist life from the seventeenth to the early twentieth centuries, vast territories of the ... More

Moral Agency in the Hebrew Bible  

Anne W. Stewart

Do humans have a will capable of choosing the good, doing the good, and evaluating the good? These are the central questions of moral agency, the notion that humans can be morally ... More

Mormonism  

Patrick Q. Mason

Online publication date:
Sep 2015
Mormonism is the collective name for a group of related churches, movements, and theologies that trace their origins back to the prophetic revelations of Joseph Smith Jr. (b. 1805–d. ... More

Mormonism and Deseret  

John G. Turner

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
The Mormon exodus marked a new phase for a religious movement that from its inception had always set peoples in motion. The political creation of Deseret and the settlement of the Great ... More

Multiverse Theories: Philosophical and Religious Perspectives  

Gerald Cleaver

Online publication date:
Nov 2019
The term multiverse is derived from multiple universes. A multiverse is a theoretical concept denoting a collection of universes that are causally disconnected and whatever may exist ... More

Museums, Expositions, and Religion in North America since the 19th Century  

Hillary Kaell

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Since the mid-19th century increasing numbers of North Americans have had access to new technologies of display that feature religious artifacts. Missionaries and museum curators played an ... More

Music and Religion in American Public Life  

Jason C. Bivins

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Music in American public life is best understood not simply as the formal arrangement of religious texts in sound but as a fluid arena of exchange between performers, participants, and ... More

Muslim-Christian Relations: Historical and Contemporary Realities  

Jane Smith

Online publication date:
Apr 2015
Throughout the nearly fifteen centuries of Muslim-Christian encounter, individual adherents of both traditions often have lived peaceably with each other. At the same time, Muslim ... More

Muslim-Jewish Relations  

Reuven Firestone

Online publication date:
Jan 2016
Muslim-Jewish relations began with the emergence of Islam in 7th-century Arabia, but contacts between pre-Jewish Israelites and pre-Muslim Arabs had been common for nearly two millennia ... More

Muslims in Russia and the Successor States  

James H. Meyer

Online publication date:
May 2019
The history of Muslim populations in Russia and other former republics of the Soviet Union is long and varied. In a Pew–Templeton poll conducted in Russia in 2010, 10 percent of ... More

Mysticism: An Overview  

William Parsons

Online publication date:
Nov 2019
The definition and meaning of mysticism have been the subject of debate for decades within academia. While in a colloquial sense its referent may be readily apparent, there is no one ... More

Mysticism in Martin Luther’s Development and Thoughts  

Volker Leppin

Martin Luther’s spiritual and theological development was deeply rooted in mystical traditions. During his early years as an Augustinian friar, he experienced mystical visions following ... More

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