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Non-Martial and Martial Methods to an Ultimate Political Goal of the Tiger Movement in Sri Lanka  

Peter Schalk

Online publication date:
May 2016
The Tiger Movement had one ultimate political goal, and two main alternating methods to reach this goal, which was to obtain recognition by world community for the right of ... More

Objects and Ancient Religions  

Jay Johnston

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Objects are implicit in understanding ancient religious practice. Taken as any material artifact used by an individual practitioner, faith community, or religious hierarchy for devotional ... More

Online Media and Religion in America  

Adam Bajan and Heidi A. Campbell

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
New and emerging media has played a pivotal role in Christianity throughout history. In early times, the Christian message was disseminated directly from Jesus and his followers to growing ... More

Ordination: A Catholic Ecclesiological Approach  

James F. Puglisi

Online publication date:
May 2016
Several important works on the history and theology of ordination have been published in the English-speaking world, among the most recent of which is one by Dr. Paul F. Bradshaw.1 The ... More

Orthodox Christians and the Evangelical Lutheran Tradition  

A.G. Roeber

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Despite positive remarks that Martin Luther made about the “Greeks,” neither he nor Philip Melanchthon possessed personal knowledge of, nor extensive contact with, the Orthodox Church of ... More

Pain and Religious Experience: Theory and Methods  

Ariel Glucklich

Online publication date:
Sep 2015
This article examines the way that the hurting body enhances, deepens, and informs religious experience. It begins by examining the contested category of religious experience, contrasting ... More

Peace Movements and Religion in the United States  

Sharon Erickson Nepstad

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Religious groups in the United States have been active in the cause of peace, particularly in the 20th century. These groups come from a variety of traditions, such as progressive ... More

Penance, Confession, Forgiveness, and Reconciliation in Martin Luther’s Context and Writings  

Ronald K. Rittgers

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Martin Luther vigorously opposed the traditional sacrament of penance and the theology upon which it was based, arguing that they had no scriptural warrant and that they promoted a ... More

The Pentateuch  

Thomas B. Dozeman

The Pentateuch (“five books”) is the title for the first five books of the Bible in the Greek translation, known as the Septuagint (LXX). The more original title is the Hebrew, Torah, ... More

Perfections (Six and Ten) of Bodhisattvas in Buddhist Literature  

James B. Apple

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Subject:
Buddhism
The etymology of the Sanskrit and Pāli term pāramitā was a contested issue in classical India. One representation considered that the term was derived from pāram, “other (side),” plus the ... More

The Philosophical Works and Influence of Dignāga and Dharmakīrti  

Dan Arnold

The Indian Buddhist philosophers Dignāga (c. 480–540 ce) and Dharmakīrti (c. 600–660 ce) decisively influenced the course not only of Buddhist philosophy, but of Indian philosophy more ... More

Pilgrimage in Buddhist Tibet  

Paul B. Donnelly

Online publication date:
Aug 2018
The English word “pilgrimage” has been used to translate the Tibetan nekor or nejel, which means to circumambulate or to meet a sacred place, respectively. “Tibet” here refers not only to ... More

Place and Spirituality in the Pacific Northwest  

Madeline Duntley

The challenges and benefits of the Pacific Northwest’s rugged but scenic terrain have received ample treatment in studies of religiosity in this region. The interplay of place and ... More

Poetry, Prophecy, and Theological Revelation  

William Franke

Online publication date:
May 2016
In the history and prehistory of human societies, poets, prophets, and seers (the word vates can cover all three) have often been virtually indistinguishable from one another. From time ... More

The Politics of Spirituality and Secularization in Western Modernity  

J. Brent Crosson

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Contrary to many of the predictions of secularization theory, religion seems to be at the heart of political contests in avowedly secular nation-states. While religious identities seem to ... More

Popular Culture and Religion in America  

Lynn Schofield Clark and Seth M. Walker

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
“Popular culture” is a term that usually refers to those commercially produced items specifically associated with leisure, media, and lifestyle choices. To study religion in popular ... More

Portrayals of Martin Luther in Print, Stage and Film  

Derek R. Nelson

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
So much is known about Martin Luther, and the stakes of telling his story have been perceived to be so high, that an astonishing variety of presentations of his life have been offered. ... More

Primitivism in America  

Matthew Bowman

Historians most often use the term primitivism to refer to the attempt to reconstruct a religious tradition’s original theology, structure, or beliefs. Primitivists believe that the ... More

Printing, Propaganda, and Public Opinion in the Age of Martin Luther  

David Bagchi

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Luther had a notoriously ambivalent attitude towards what was still the new technology of the printing press. He could both praise it as God’s highest act of grace for the proclamation of ... More

Print Media and Religion in America  

Elesha J. Coffman and Timothy D. Grundmeier

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
An extraordinary number of printed words about religion have been produced and consumed in the United States. Religious print media in America encompasses the Christian Bible (a perennial ... More

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