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Religion, Anti-Catholicism, and the Mexican-American War  

John C. Pinheiro

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
The death and carnage that accompany war usually lead participants to seek transcendent meaning in their suffering as well as in their defeat or victory. This was especially true of the ... More

Religion, Charity, and Philanthropy in America  

David P. King

Giving to religion makes up the largest percentage of American charity and philanthropy. Religious charities also make up the largest percent of U.S. nonprofits. Beyond the numbers, ... More

Religion, Modernity, and Assimilation in America  

Samira K. Mehta

Given that modernity, in its current configuration, owes much of its formulation to Protestant models of individualism and governance; and given that in the United States, religious ... More

Religious Ceremonies in American Public Life  

Joseph W. Williams

Throughout the history of the British colonies and the United States, Americans from different religious traditions have performed a wide variety of religious rituals in public spaces and ... More

Religious Foundations of the Last Instructions of 9/11  

Hans G. Kippenberg

An instruction manual consisting of four sheets in Arabic was found with three of the four teams that performed the terror attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001. The writing ... More

The Religious History of the Roman Empire  

John North

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Historians of antiquity used to argue that, from the 6th century bce onwards, the religious traditions of Greek and Roman pagans became an empty shell maintained by elites who no longer ... More

Religious Innovation in the Ancient Mediterranean  

Greg Woolf

Online publication date:
Mar 2015
Sanctuaries and ritual traditions commonly gained prestige through claims of antiquity; conversely, novelty was an accusation occasionally leveled against groups such as the Christians. ... More

Religious Parades and Processions in America  

Rodger M. Payne

Processional performances, including parading activities and the ritual procession of holy objects and images, have long been a part of religious practice. Informed by a cultural prejudice ... More

Religious Pilgrimages in the United States  

Juan E. Campo

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Pilgrimage, as a type of religious journey, involves embodied movement across geographic, social, political, cultural, and often religious boundaries to a sacred place or landscape. It is ... More

The Religious Right in America  

Michael J. McVicar

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The phrase Religious Right refers to a loose network of political actors, religious organizations, and political pressure groups that formed in the United States in the late 1970s. Also ... More

Religious Violence, Martyrdom, and Martin Luther  

David M. Whitford

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Violence was first experienced in the church as martyrdom. Under the Roman Empire, Christians were subjected to state-sponsored penalties ranging from fines to corporal punishment to ... More

Rennyo  

Eisho Nasu

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Rennyo was a Japanese Pure Land Buddhist priest and eighth head priest of Honganji (1457–1489), the central institutional complex of the Jōdo Shinshū tradition. He is often considered the ... More

The Revival of Yoga in Contemporary India  

Suzanne Newcombe

Online publication date:
May 2017
The word yoga refers to a multifaceted array of beliefs and practices. Yoga is twinned with sāṃkhya as one of the six orthodox darshanas (worldviews) of Hindu philosophy, with Patañjali’s ... More

Revivals, Awakenings, and Conversion in American Protestantism  

Kip Richardson

Online publication date:
May 2018
From at least the 18th century to the present, religious revivals have been a defining feature of American Protestantism. Though the size, scale, and formatting of revivals have varied ... More

Rites of Reconciliation and Healing in Christian History  

Lizette Larson-Miller

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Christian rites for reconciliation and healing are intimately related to one another in that individuals and communities are healed and made whole through divine action In ecclesial rites, ... More

Ritual Studies  

Paul Post

Online publication date:
Sep 2015
Ritual studies is not a school, nor is it a theory or a method; it is a multi- or interdisciplinary platform for the academic, critical, and systematic study of ritual, or in the words of ... More

Rudolf Otto and the Concept of the Numinous  

Stuart Sarbacker

The contemporary academic study of religion has its roots in conceptual and theoretical structures developed in the early to mid-20th century. A particularly important example of such a ... More

Sacred Space in Greece and Rome  

Michael Scott

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
“It is impossible to imagine ancient Greece without its sanctuaries.” (J. Whitley, Archaeology of Ancient Greece [Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2001], 134). The same ... More

Salafism  

Joas Wagemakers

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Salafism is a branch of Sunni Islam whose modern-day adherents claim to emulate “the pious predecessors” (al-salaf al-ṣāliḥ; often equated with the first three generations of Muslims) as ... More

The Sangha as an Institution  

Thomas Borchert

Along with the buddha and the dharma, the sangha is one of the “three jewels,” the core aspects of Buddhism in which a Buddhist “takes refuge.” The sangha is responsible for taking care of ... More

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