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Reason and Philosophy in Martin Luther’s Thought  

Hans-Peter Grosshans

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Throughout his academic life, Martin Luther was in constant discussion with philosophy. He was prepared for this with a substantial study of philosophy at the University of Erfurt, ... More

The Reformation and the Establishment of Lutheranism in the Holy Roman Empire  

Joachim Whaley

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Martin Luther was a subject of the Elector of Saxony in the Holy Roman Empire. His emergence as a reformer was made possible by the sponsorship he received in Wittenberg. He owed his ... More

Reformation Liturgies  

Frank C. Senn

Online publication date:
Oct 2015
The Reformation era was one of the most fertile times for liturgical revision in the history of Christianity between Late Antiquity and the late 20th century. New theological ideas, based ... More

The Reformed Tradition in the Netherlands  

Harry Klaassens

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Subject:
Christianity
Dutch Reformed liturgy started with Dutch refugees in London, where they used a Dutch translation of Martin Bucers’s liturgy at Strasbourg as well as the liturgy that John à Lasco brought ... More

Religion and Gender in Ancient Rome  

Meghan DiLuzio

Online publication date:
Nov 2019
Roman society was patriarchal, which is to say that it was marked by sexual asymmetry in which males tended to have power over females. As in most ancient societies, religion contributed ... More

Religion and Humanity in Mesopotamian Myth and Epic  

Louise Pryke

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Concepts of religion and humanity form an integral component of Mesopotamian narrative literature, and these ideas are evidenced in the frequent exploration of themes involving mortality ... More

Religion and Native American Assimilation, Resistance, and Survival  

Tammy Heise

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Since the early 19th century, the expansion of American empire has constrained Native American autonomy and cultural expression. Native American history simply cannot be told apart from ... More

Religion and the Body  

Robert Fuller

Online publication date:
Mar 2015
The relationship between religion and the body can be viewed from two very different perspectives. The first perspective emphasizes culture’s role in constructing human thought and ... More

Religion, Anti-Catholicism, and the Mexican-American War  

John C. Pinheiro

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
The death and carnage that accompany war usually lead participants to seek transcendent meaning in their suffering as well as in their defeat or victory. This was especially true of the ... More

Religion, Charity, and Philanthropy in America  

David P. King

Giving to religion makes up the largest percentage of American charity and philanthropy. Religious charities also make up the largest percent of U.S. nonprofits. Beyond the numbers, ... More

Religion, Modernity, and Assimilation in America  

Samira K. Mehta

Given that modernity, in its current configuration, owes much of its formulation to Protestant models of individualism and governance; and given that in the United States, religious ... More

Religious Ceremonies in American Public Life  

Joseph W. Williams

Throughout the history of the British colonies and the United States, Americans from different religious traditions have performed a wide variety of religious rituals in public spaces and ... More

Religious Foundations of the Last Instructions of 9/11  

Hans G. Kippenberg

An instruction manual consisting of four sheets in Arabic was found with three of the four teams that performed the terror attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001. The writing ... More

The Religious History of the Roman Empire  

John North

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Historians of antiquity used to argue that, from the 6th century bce onwards, the religious traditions of Greek and Roman pagans became an empty shell maintained by elites who no longer ... More

Religious Innovation in the Ancient Mediterranean  

Greg Woolf

Online publication date:
Mar 2015
Sanctuaries and ritual traditions commonly gained prestige through claims of antiquity; conversely, novelty was an accusation occasionally leveled against groups such as the Christians. ... More

Religious Parades and Processions in America  

Rodger M. Payne

Processional performances, including parading activities and the ritual procession of holy objects and images, have long been a part of religious practice. Informed by a cultural prejudice ... More

Religious Pilgrimages in the United States  

Juan E. Campo

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Pilgrimage, as a type of religious journey, involves embodied movement across geographic, social, political, cultural, and often religious boundaries to a sacred place or landscape. It is ... More

The Religious Right in America  

Michael J. McVicar

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The phrase Religious Right refers to a loose network of political actors, religious organizations, and political pressure groups that formed in the United States in the late 1970s. Also ... More

Religious Violence, Martyrdom, and Martin Luther  

David M. Whitford

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Violence was first experienced in the church as martyrdom. Under the Roman Empire, Christians were subjected to state-sponsored penalties ranging from fines to corporal punishment to ... More

Rennyo  

Eisho Nasu

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Rennyo was a Japanese Pure Land Buddhist priest and eighth head priest of Honganji (1457–1489), the central institutional complex of the Jōdo Shinshū tradition. He is often considered the ... More

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