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Thought Experiments and Religion  

Yiftach Fehige

Thought experiments are basically imagined scenarios with a significant experimental character. Some of them justify claims about the world outside of the imagination. Originally they were ... More

Tibetan Book of the Dead (Bardo Thödol)  

Casey Alexandra Kemp

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Subject:
Buddhism, Texts
Although in Tibet there is no single text directly referred to as the Tibetan Book of the Dead, this English work is the primary source for Western understandings of Tibetan Buddhist ... More

Tibetan Buddhism and the Gesar Epic  

Solomon George FitzHerbert

In both eastern Tibet and in Mongolia, the Buddhist cult surrounding the figure of Ling Gesar (Gling ge sar) or Geser Khan in Mongolian versions is an outgrowth of Gesar’s standing as the ... More

Tourism to Sacred Places in America: A Spatial Analysis  

Jeremy R. Ricketts

At its founding, the United States did not have a long history nor an official state religion to draw from to construct a national identity, so Americans turned to the creation of sacred ... More

Transmission of Buddhist Media and Texts  

Daniel Veidlinger

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Buddhism, Texts
Different media have been used to spread the teachings of Buddhism, and they have exerted a significant influence upon the development of Buddhist ideas and institutions over time. An oral ... More

Tri Songdétsen  

Brandon Dotson

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Emperor Tri Songdétsen (Khri Srong lde brtsan; 742–c.800 ce) is one of the most fascinating figures in Tibet’s religious and political history. He played a central role in shaping the ... More

The Twofold Rule of God  

John R. Stumme

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
During the 20th century there was a remarkable change in the interpretation of Martin Luther’s approach to society. During the 19th and first part of the 20th centuries, many understood ... More

The Uganda Martyrs Guild  

Heike Behrend

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
The Uganda Martyrs Guild (UMG) was founded in 1897, after the killing of a number of young Catholics, Protestants, and Muslims, who had worked as pages at the court of the king of Buganda. ... More

Ugaritic and Biblical Literature  

Mark S. Smith

The Ugaritic texts provide a rich resource for understanding the Late Bronze Age kingdom of Ugarit, located on the coast of Syria. The site has yielded about two thousand tablets in ... More

The Uniting Church in Australia  

Robert W. Gribben

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Subject:
Christianity
The Uniting Church in Australia (1977) faces the challenge of both being faithful to its inherited traditions (Methodist and Reformed), and taking the opportunity to draw on contemporary ... More

Urban Space and Religion in the United States  

Katie Day

Religion has always been a contextually based phenomenon, particularly in urban space. Cities of every size, in every period, and in every region of the country have been defined by the ... More

U.S. Foreign Mission Movement, c. 1800–1860  

Emily Conroy-Krutz

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
In the early 19th century, American Protestants began to send missionaries abroad as part of the foreign mission movement. They were responding to the Great Commission of the Bible: to go ... More

U.S. Foreign Policy and Religion  

Malcolm Magee

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
The United States has been uniquely God-centered among Western nations, and that includes its foreign policy. From George Washington to the present, all presidents and policymakers have ... More

U.S. Foreign Relations and American Religious Liberalism  

Cara Lea Burnidge

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Scholars of American religious liberalism, like the historical subjects they study, wrestle with the place and power of modernity in American history and culture. Recognizing and ... More

America’s Interactions with Islam and Judaism in North Africa  

Lawrence A. Peskin

Encounters between Americans, Muslims, and Jews in North Africa played a foundational role in Americans’ early understanding of Islam and Judaism. At a time when the United States ... More

US–Mexico Borderlands and Religion  

Anne M. Martínez

Online publication date:
May 2018
The border between the United States and Mexico has artificially divided languages, cultures, landscapes, and religions for more than a century and a half. This region is the crossroads ... More

The Vajrakīla Tantras  

Martin Boord

Online publication date:
May 2019
Belonging to an esoteric corpus of Buddhist texts known as the teachings of secret mantra (Skt. guhyamantra), the tantras of Vajrakīla have been carefully guarded through the centuries and ... More

Violence in the Old Testament  

Jerome F. D. Creach

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
“Violence in the Old Testament” may refer generally to the Old Testament’s descriptions of God or human beings killing, destroying, and doing physical harm. As part of the activity of God, ... More

Visualization in Hindu Practice  

Sthaneshwar Timalsina

Broadly, visualization stands for a specific mode of imagination in which certain objects or concepts are “viewed as” or “viewed in light of” something else. In the religious context, ... More

War and Religion in American History  

Jonathan H. Ebel

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
As a subfield of the study of religion, the study of religion and war has access to but has not yet applied the methodological and theoretical tools of a diverse and vibrant discipline. ... More

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