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Filial Piety in Chinese Buddhism  

Guang Xing

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Many people, even scholars like Kenneth Ch’en, thought that filial piety is a special feature of Chinese Buddhism because it has been influenced by Confucianism, which considers filial ... More

Fo Guang Shan  

Kendall Marchman

Online publication date:
Dec 2019
Fo Guang Shan is a transnational Buddhist organization that rose to prominence in the late 20th century. Founded in 1967 by the charismatic monk Hsing Yun, who remains the face of the ... More

Four Noble Truths  

Carol S. Anderson

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
The Buddhist teaching known in English as the four noble truths is most often understood as the single most important teaching of the historical buddha, Siddhartha Gautama, who taught in ... More

Gender and Public Religion in America  

Stephanie Y. Mitchem

With rapid development, academically and socially, in the past sixty years, gender and public religion in the United States have become a separate field, even as it is integrated into ... More

History of Buddhisms in China: The Nanbeichao Period (Late 4th Century to the Sui Dynasty)  

Henrik H. Sørensen

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
The period from the 3rd to the late 6th century, variously known as the period of the Northern and Southern States (Nanbeichao) and the Six Dynasties period (Liuchao) signals a formative ... More

Homa: Tantric Fire Ritual  

Richard K. Payne

The homa is a votive offering involving the construction of a fire in a hearth-altar, and the immolation of offerings in the fire. The altar is homologized with a mandala, and as with other ... More

Hsing Yun  

Kendall Marchman

Online publication date:
Dec 2019
Subject:
Buddhism
Hsing Yun 星雲 (1927–) is the charismatic founder of Fo Guang Shan 佛光山 (Buddha’s Light Mountain), one of the largest Buddhist organizations to emerge out of modern Taiwan. Following the ... More

The Idea of Black Religion  

Jamil W. Drake

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
It is impossible to provide a conclusive definition of the idea of black religion; however, certain themes, tropes, and characteristics are typically associated with the “black” in black ... More

Imperialism, Mission, and Global Power Relations in East Asian Religions in the United States  

Connie A. Shemo

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
The history of East Asian religions in the United States is inextricably intertwined with the broader history of United States–East Asian relations, and specifically with U.S. imperialism. ... More

Islam in Mughal India  

Michael H. Fisher

The history of the Mughal Empire (1526–1858) reveals much of the diversity among Muslims and the complexity of Islam as variously envisioned and as practiced in India. The empire’s ruling ... More

Japanese Buddhisms in Diaspora  

Elisabetta Porcu

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Buddhism has been a missionary religion from its beginning. Japan was among the countries where this “foreign” religion arrived and was assimilated, adapted, and reshaped into new forms ... More

Jātaka  

Naomi Appleton

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Subject:
Buddhism
A jātaka story narrates an episode in a past life of the Buddha. Such tales are found in a variety of Buddhist texts, the largest and best known of which is the Jātakatthavaṇṇanā, a ... More

Jebtsundamba Khutugtus of Mongolia  

Agata Bareja-Starzyńska

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Buddhist reincarnations, stemming from the Tibetan term rJe btsun dam pa (“Holy Precious Master”) in the 17th century after fourteen previous rebirths in India and Tibet, appeared in ... More

Liberation Theologies in America  

Craig L. Nessan

Liberation theologies employ action-reflection (praxis-oriented) methodologies in response to particular forms of oppression, normally consisting of five elements: 1) identification with ... More

Life and Works of Tsangpa Gyare (1161–1211), Founder of the Drukpa Kagyü School  

Seiji Kumagai

Online publication date:
Feb 2020
Subject:
Buddhism
Buddhism was introduced to Tibet in the 7th century and became the state religion of the Tibetan Empire in the 8th century, only to face a temporary all-out decline in the ensuing century. ... More

Madhyamaka  

Paul B. Donnelly

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
Along with Yogācāra, Madhyamaka (Middle Way) is one of the two foundational doctrinal systems of Indian Mahāyāna Buddhism, which flourished from the 3rd century ce to the final ... More

Mahāmudrā in India and Tibet  

Roger R. Jackson

Mahāmudrā, “the Great Seal,” is a Sanskrit term (Tibetan: phyag rgya chen po) that connotes a wide range of concepts and practices in Indian Mahāyāna and, especially, Tibetan ... More

Mañjuśrī  

Laura Harrington

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Mañjuśrī (“Gentle Glory”) is one of the oldest and most significant bodhisattvas of the Indian Mahāyāna Buddhist pantheon. Mañjuśrī is the personification of the Mahāyāna notion of prajñā ... More

Maritime Buddhism  

Andrea Acri

The spread of Buddhism across Asia has been studied mainly from a perspective focusing on the transmission through the overland routes popularly known as “Silk Roads” and emphasizing ... More

Mongolian Buddhism in the Democratic Period  

Saskia Abrahms-Kavunenko

During the socialist period in Mongolia (1921–1990), the public practice of Buddhism, along with other religious practices, was restricted. Since the Democratic Revolution of 1989–1990, the ... More

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