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The Eruv as Contested Jewish Space in North America  

Myer Siemiatycki

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
The eruv is perhaps the most creative, confounding, and contested spatial construct in Judaism. Territorially, it demarcates the urban space within which prohibitions otherwise attached to ... More

Esoteric Buddhism in Southeast Asia  

Nathan McGovern

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
“Esoteric Buddhism” and “Buddhist Tantra” are contested categories to begin with in Buddhist studies; within the specific context of the study of Buddhism in Southeast Asia, they are ... More

Eucharistic Liturgy and Theology  

John Baldovin

Online publication date:
May 2015
The Eucharist is a liturgical meal of bread and wine, which is almost always preceded by a service of reading the Scriptures. Christians attribute the origin of the Eucharist to Jesus ... More

Evangelism, Mission, and Crusade in American Religion  

Sarah Ruble

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Evangelism, mission, and crusade are terms related to spreading a religious message. Although all three words are primarily used in relation to Christianity, evangelism and mission have ... More

The Evolution of Modern Jihadism  

Nelly Lahoud

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Political Islam has generated two ideological strands that use religious ideology to advance their goals, namely, Islamism and jihadism. On the one hand, Islamists have formulated a ... More

Feeling of Emptiness and Religion in America  

John Corrigan

As part of a broader turn in humanities scholarship toward emotion since the late 20th century, scholars of religion increasingly have explored how emotion has been a key component in the ... More

Festivals in Ancient Greece and Rome  

Fritz Graf

Online publication date:
May 2016
Festivals are periods of time, cut out from daily life, during which a group performs activities that are most often thought of as communications with the superhuman world. Festival names ... More

Filial Piety in Chinese Buddhism  

Guang Xing

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Many people, even scholars like Kenneth Ch’en, thought that filial piety is a special feature of Chinese Buddhism because it has been influenced by Confucianism, which considers filial ... More

Film and Religion in America  

Eric Michael Mazur

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Religion intersects with film not only in film content, but also in the production and experience of film. From the earliest period, religious attitudes have shaped how religious ... More

Film Regulation and the Church in America  

William D. Romanowski

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Since the dawn of the cinema at the turn of the 20th century, the church and its vicissitudes have been an essential part of the Hollywood story. There is a basic affinity between film and ... More

Four Noble Truths  

Carol S. Anderson

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
The Buddhist teaching known in English as the four noble truths is most often understood as the single most important teaching of the historical buddha, Siddhartha Gautama, who taught in ... More

Freemasonry’s Sacred Space in America  

Phillip Gordon Mackintosh

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
American Freemasonry is as much a spatial as sacred practice. Emerging from arcane Enlightenment origins, Masonic theology and practice brim with a spatiality representative of Masonry’s ... More

Gender and Public Religion in America  

Stephanie Y. Mitchem

With rapid development, academically and socially, in the past sixty years, gender and public religion in the United States have become a separate field, even as it is integrated into ... More

Gender, Marriage, and Sexual Purity in American Religious History  

Seth Dowland

Throughout American history, religious people and groups have developed, sustained, or challenged cultural norms around gender, marriage, and sexual purity. Beginning with the earliest ... More

Race, Gender, Sexuality, and Religion in North America  

Anthony Petro

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
The history of religion in the United States cannot be understood without attending to histories of race, gender, and sexuality. Since the 1960s, social and political movements for civil ... More

The German Catholic Dioceses on the Eve of the Reformation  

Charlotte Methuen

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The structures of the late medieval Church into which Martin Luther was born and within which he received his education and theological training were complicated, particularly in the ... More

The Gift in Martin Luther’s Theology  

Bo Kristian Holm

In analyzing the role of gift and giving in Martin Luther’s theology, one almost inevitably has to deal with the contrast between Marcel Mauss’s description of archaic gift economy, where ... More

God and Chance: Christian Perspectives  

David J. Bartholomew

Online publication date:
Apr 2016
In many quarters God and chance are still seen as mutually exclusive alternatives. It is common to hear that ascribing anything to “chance” rules out God’s action. Recent ... More

God in Martin Luther  

Jan-Olav Henriksen

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Luther’s understanding of God saturates his oeuvre, and in turn, this understanding is saturated by his doctrine of the justification of the sinner. God is the sovereign source and origin ... More

God in the Old Testament  

Brent A. Strawn

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Religion. Please check back later for the full article. The God ... More

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