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American Foreign Mission Movement, c. 1870–1920s  

Tracy Neal Leavelle

Online publication date:
May 2018
The American foreign mission movement at the turn of the 20th century adopted as its watchword “the evangelization of the world in this generation.” The rapid expansion of missionary boards ... More

American Protestant Foreign Missions after World War II  

David C. Kirkpatrick

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
After the Second World War, the drama of Protestant missions featured a diversifying cast of characters. Local actors in the Global South, alongside reform-minded missionaries from the ... More

Apocalypticism in U.S. History  

Matthew Avery Sutton

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Apocalypticism has had a powerful impact on American life. It has fostered among adherents a strong sense of purpose and personal identity, it has helped them interpret the challenges they ... More

Asian American Religions  

Tony Carnes

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Asian American religions have dramatically increased their presence in the United States. Partly, this is a function of the increasing population of Asian Americans since 1965. ... More

Bibles and Tracts in Print Culture in America  

Lincoln A. Mullen

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Since the first printing presses were established in Britain’s North American colonies, print was a ubiquitous feature of American religion. Print was a powerful means of communicating ... More

Christian Fundamentalism in America  

Margaret Bendroth

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Fundamentalism has a very specific meaning in the history of American Christianity, as the name taken by a coalition of mostly white, mostly northern Protestants who, in the late 19th and ... More

Christianity in Hawaiʻi  

Ronald Williams Jr.

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
On January 17, 1893, Her Majesty Queen Liliʻuokalani, sovereign of the Hawaiian Kingdom, was overthrown in a coup de main led by a faction of business leaders comprised largely of ... More

Commerce, Consumerism, and Christianity in America  

Dana Logan

American Christianity and commerce are bound together by their mutual history. In colonial America, Puritans excelled at the skills of capitalism, and in the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries, ... More

Denomination in American Public Life  

Russell E. Richey

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
A voluntary religious community and ecclesial creation of modernity, the denomination emerged alongside of and along with the political party, the free press, and free enterprise. By 1702 ... More

Evangelism, Mission, and Crusade in American Religion  

Sarah Ruble

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Evangelism, mission, and crusade are terms related to spreading a religious message. Although all three words are primarily used in relation to Christianity, evangelism and mission have ... More

Freemasonry’s Sacred Space in America  

Phillip Gordon Mackintosh

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
American Freemasonry is as much a spatial as sacred practice. Emerging from arcane Enlightenment origins, Masonic theology and practice brim with a spatiality representative of Masonry’s ... More

Interracialism and American Christianity  

Phillip Luke Sinitiere

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
In its broadest sense, interracialism in American Christianity refers to constructive social interactions and collaboration across racial and ethnic boundaries—existential engagement ... More

The Judeo-Christian and Abrahamic Traditions in America  

K. Healan Gaston

The terms “Judeo-Christian” and “Abrahamic” are collective religious descriptors that identify points of theological, historical, and ethical commonality between the world’s largest ... More

Martin Luther in North America  

Mark A. Granquist

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
The United States as a country was religiously formed by Reformed Protestants, who were later joined by substantial numbers of immigrant Lutherans, Roman Catholics, and Jews. The role of ... More

Mormonism and Deseret  

John G. Turner

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
The Mormon exodus marked a new phase for a religious movement that from its inception had always set peoples in motion. The political creation of Deseret and the settlement of the Great ... More

Museums, Expositions, and Religion in North America since the 19th Century  

Hillary Kaell

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Since the mid-19th century increasing numbers of North Americans have had access to new technologies of display that feature religious artifacts. Missionaries and museum curators played an ... More

Online Media and Religion in America  

Adam Bajan and Heidi A. Campbell

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
New and emerging media has played a pivotal role in Christianity throughout history. In early times, the Christian message was disseminated directly from Jesus and his followers to growing ... More

Primitivism in America  

Matthew Bowman

Historians most often use the term primitivism to refer to the attempt to reconstruct a religious tradition’s original theology, structure, or beliefs. Primitivists believe that the ... More

The Prosperity Gospel in America  

Kate Bowler

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
“Prosperity gospel” is a term used mostly by critics to describe a theology and movement based on the belief that God wants to reward believers with health and wealth. The prosperity ... More

Race and Catholicism in American History  

Justin D. Poché

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Catholicism, as both an institution and a culture of popular beliefs, rituals, and values, has played an important role in the formation of racial boundaries in American society. The logic ... More

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