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Abhisamayālaṃkāra (Ornament for Clear Realization)  

James B. Apple

The Abhisamayālaṃkāra (Ornament for clear realization) is an instructional treatise on the Prajñāpāramitā, or Perfect Wisdom, whose authorship is traditionally attributed to Maitreyanātha ... More

American Buddhism during World War II Imprisonment  

Michihiro Ama

American Buddhism during World War II imprisonment refers to the Japanese American Buddhist experience between 1942 and 1945 when persons of Japanese ancestry, commonly known as Nikkei ... More

Asian American Religions  

Tony Carnes

Published Online:
Jul 2017
Asian American religions have dramatically increased their presence in the United States. Partly, this is a function of the increasing population of Asian Americans since 1965. ... More

Avalokiteśvara: The Bodhisattva of Compassion  

Chün-fang Yü

Published Online:
Aug 2016
Subject:
Buddhism
Avalokiteśvara is one of the most famous bodhisattvas in Buddhism. The worship of bodhisattvas (beings of enlightenment) is one of the most distinctive features of Mahāyāna Buddhism. ... More

Buddhism and Media  

Scott A. Mitchell

Many approaches to the study of Buddhism and media overlap with traditional Buddhist studies methods such as textual analysis, art theory, ethnography, and ritual studies, as well as ... More

Buddhism and Print Culture in China  

T. H. Barrett

Published Online:
Feb 2019
Subject:
Buddhism
In premodern China all written materials were to be treated with respect, but Buddhist materials containing the words of the Buddha in particular embodied his surviving presence in the ... More

Buddhism and Shinto  

Fabio Rambelli

Published Online:
Feb 2018
Subject:
Buddhism
Buddhism in Japan has long coexisted with native cults and beliefs, commonly known as Shinto. According to received understanding, Shinto (literally, in modern Japanese interpretation, ... More

Buddhism in Film  

Sharon A. Suh

Film serves as one of the most recent contributions to the variety of Buddhist visual forms that can offer a perspectival shift in interpretation for its viewers akin to other meditative ... More

Buddhist Art and Architecture in Tibet  

Erberto Lo Bue

Published Online:
Feb 2018
Tibetan Buddhists view images primarily as religious supports and secondarily as works of art. Buddhist images are aimed at improving one’s karma by earning merit in view of future ... More

Buddhist Chaplaincy  

Monica Sanford and Nathan Jishin Michon

Buddhist chaplaincy is a profession in which Buddhists with specialized training care for the spiritual needs of suffering individuals (careseekers), typically within non-religious ... More

Buddhist Geography and Regionalism  

Megan Bryson

Published Online:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Buddhism
Since its birth in India about 2,500 years ago, Buddhism has spread throughout the globe. As Buddhism reached new areas, its followers developed their own regional identities and ... More

Buddhist Medicine in India  

Vesna A. Wallace

Published Online:
Feb 2018
Subject:
Buddhism
The Pāli Tripiṭaka demonstrates that Indian Buddhists were familiar not only with the classical Āyurveda of the late Vedic period but also with the Atharvaveda and with the oldest passages ... More

Buddhist Wizards (Weizzā/Weikza) of Myanmar  

Thomas Patton

Published Online:
Apr 2019
Subject:
Buddhism
Supernatural wizards with magical powers to heal the sick and who inhabit the minds and bodies of men, women, and children, as well as defend religion from the forces of evil: this is not ... More

Chan Literature  

Jeffrey L. Broughton

Published Online:
Dec 2017
Subject:
Buddhism
An extensive printed Chan literature came into wide circulation during the Song dynasty (960–1279). This Song corpus included more-or-less intact texts from the Tang (618–907) and Five ... More

Commerce, Consumerism, and Christianity in America  

Dana Logan

American Christianity and commerce are bound together by their mutual history. In colonial America, Puritans excelled at the skills of capitalism, and in the 19th, 20th, and 21st ... More

Dunhuang Art  

Michelle C. Wang

The oasis city of Dunhuang lies at the eastern end of the southern Silk Routes, in Gansu Province in northwestern China. In the 2nd century BCE, Dunhuang was established by the Chinese Han ... More

Dzogchen  

Sam van Schaik

Published Online:
Aug 2016
Dzogchen, often translated as “the great perfection,” is a tradition of meditation practice and poetic literary expression in Tibetan Buddhism. Though its origins lie in Indic Buddhism, ... More

Esoteric Buddhism in Southeast Asia  

Nathan McGovern

Published Online:
Oct 2017
“Esoteric Buddhism” and “Buddhist Tantra” are contested categories to begin with in Buddhist studies; within the specific context of the study of Buddhism in Southeast Asia, they are ... More

Filial Piety in Chinese Buddhism  

Guang Xing

Published Online:
Mar 2018
Many people, even scholars like Kenneth Ch’en, thought that filial piety is a special feature of Chinese Buddhism because it has been influenced by Confucianism, which considers filial ... More

Four Noble Truths  

Carol S. Anderson

Published Online:
Aug 2016
The Buddhist teaching known in English as the four noble truths is most often understood as the single most important teaching of the historical buddha, Siddhartha Gautama, who taught in ... More

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