The Oxford Encyclopedia of Buddhism

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Buddhism

Buddhism is a diverse field of study that combines religion, philosophy, history, political science, sociology, art history, philology and textual studies, and informs a variety of comparative studies. The field’s heightened profile in academia and in the news has generated interest from scholars working in different disciplines, underscoring the need for a comprehensive reference resource. The Oxford Encyclopedia of Buddhism provides wide-ranging coverage on foundational and emerging topics in Buddhist studies in in-depth scholarly articles written by experts worldwide. All of the articles appear online as part of the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Religion.

To read The Oxford Encyclopedia of Buddhism articles online, see the Buddhism section of ORE Religion. This section will continue to grow as the project expands. 

Volume Editors

Richard K. Payne (co-Editor-in-Chief), Institute of Buddhist Studies, Editor-in-Chief of Oxford Bibliographies in Buddhism

Georgios T. Halkias (co-Editor-in-Chief), The University of Hong Kong

Associate Editors

Anne M. Blackburn, Cornell University

Robert Linrothe, Northwestern University

Scott A. Mitchell, Institute of Buddhist Studies

Francesca Tarocco, Ca’ Foscari University of Venice and NYU Shanghai

Vesna A. Wallace, University of California, Santa Barbara



Amoghavajra (Geoffrey Goble)
Buddhaghosa (Norihisa Baba)
Buddhism and Bioethics (Jens Schlieter)
Buddhism and Biography (Ben Van Overmeire)
Buddhism and Media (Scott A. Mitchell)
Buddhism and Shinto (Fabio Rambelli)
Buddhism and the Environment (William Edelglass)
Buddhism in Film (Sharon A. Suh)
Buddhist Chaplaincy (Monica Sanford, Nathan Jishin Michon)
Buddhist Cosmology (Eric Huntington)
Buddhist Medicine in India (Vesna A. Wallace)
Chan Literature (Jeffrey L. Broughton)
D.T. Suzuki: A Biography (James C. Dobbins)
Dunhuang Art (Michelle C. Wang)
Dunhuang Texts (Mélodie Doumy)
Dzogchen (Sam van Schaik)
Engaged Buddhism (Ann Gleig)
Fo Guang Shan (Kendall Marchman)
Four Noble Truths (Carol S. Anderson)
Gelukpa (James B. Apple)
Global Buddhism (Jens Reinke)
Globalizing Tantric Buddhism (Richard K. Payne)
Homa: Tantric Fire Ritual (Richard K. Payne)
Hsing Yun (Kendall Marchman)
Huineng (John Jorgensen)
Imaging the Buddha in South Asia (Claudine Bautze-Picron)
Jātaka (Naomi Appleton)
Jebtsundamba Khutugtus of Mongolia (Agata Bareja-Starzyńska)
Madhyamaka (Paul B. Donnelly)
Mañjuśrī (Laura Harrington)
Maritime Buddhism (Andrea Acri)
Mipam (Douglas S. Duckworth)
Nāgārjuna (Mark Siderits)
Nichiren (Jacqueline Stone)
Pilgrimage in Buddhist Tibet (Paul B. Donnelly)
Pilgrimage in China (Courtney Bruntz)
Practices of Protection in the Pali World (Kate Crosby, Pyi Phyo Kyaw)
Rennyo (Eisho Nasu)
Ryōgen (Eisho Nasu)
Sarvāstivāda Abhidharma (K.L. Dhammajoti)
Secular Buddhism (Richard K. Payne, Casey Alexandra Kemp)
Shingon (Aaron Proffitt)
The Six Nara Schools (Mikaël Bauer)
Sōka Gakkai (Andrew Gebert)
Taixu (Eric Goodell)
The Economics of Buddhism (Elizabeth Williams-Oerberg)
Theravāda Buddhism (Sven Bretfeld)
Tibetan Buddhism and the Gesar Epic (Solomon George FitzHerbert)
Tibetan Buddhist Power Objects (James Duncan Gentry)
Tri Songdétsen (Brandon Dotson)
The Vajrakīla Tantras (Martin Boord)
Western Buddhism and Race (Joseph Cheah, Sharon A. Suh)
Xuyun (Joseph Cheah, Sharon A. Suh, Daniela Campo)