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Abbott, Edith  

Jean K. Quam

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Encyclopedia of Social Work
Edith Abbott (1876–1957) was a social worker and educator. She was Dean of the School of Social Service Administration at the University of Chicago from 1924 to 1942 and she helped in ... More

Abbott, Grace  

Jean K. Quam

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Encyclopedia of Social Work
Grace Abbott (1878–1939) was a teacher who went on to become Director of the Immigrants Protective League of Chicago and Director of the U.S. Children's Bureau. In 1934 she became ... More

Abernathy, Ralph David  

Lou M. Beasley

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Encyclopedia of Social Work
Ralph David Abernathy (1926–1990) was a pastor who became president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference after the assassination of Martin Luther King. He was director of ... More

abortion  

Robert Sallares

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Oxford Classical Dictionary
Abortion was controversial in antiquity. Doctors taking the Hippocratic Oath (see hippocrates (2)) swore not to administer abortifacients, but other Hippocratic texts suggest that prostitutes (see ... More

Abusive Supervision  

Ann Peng, Rebecca Mitchell, and John M. Schaubroeck

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Business and Management
In recent years scholars of abusive supervision have expanded the scope of outcomes examined and have advanced new psychological and social processes to account for these and other ... More

Academic Capitalism  

Richard Münch

Online publication date:
May 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Politics
Academic capitalism is a unique hybrid that unites the scientific search for truth and the economic maximization of profits. It turns universities into enterprises competing for capital ... More

Academic Integrity  

Tracey Bretag

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Business and Management
Academic integrity is an interdisciplinary concept that provides the foundation for every aspect and all levels of education. The term evokes strong emotions in teachers, researchers, and ... More

Academic Optimism  

Martinette V. Horner, Derrick D. Jordan, and Kathleen M. Brown

Online publication date:
May 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Education
Academic optimism was developed in 2006 as a latent concept that provides insight into the improvement of student outcomes especially for those who, because of socioeconomic status, ... More

Accommodating Students with Physical Disabilities in Higher Education  

Anna Escamilla

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Encyclopedia of Social Work
Students with disabilities are becoming more and more common in higher education classrooms, including social work classrooms. The challenges that come with accommodating students so as to ... More

Accountability in Journalism  

Susanne Fengler

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Communication
In the past decade, academic and professional debates about media accountability have spread around the globe – but have done so in a fundamentally different framework. In many Western ... More

Accounting Narratives  

Tracey J. Riley and Alex C. Yen

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Business and Management
Although accounting is typically seen as a numbers-oriented discipline, with an emphasis on quantifying economic events and activity, the nexus of language and accounting, specifically the ... More

Accretion Processes  

Alessandro Morbidelli

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Planetary Science
In planetary science, accretion is the process in which solids agglomerate to form larger and larger objects, and eventually planets are produced. The initial conditions are a disc of gas ... More

Achaemenids  

Pierre Briant

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Oxford Classical Dictionary
The term, as used by Herodotus (1. 125), refers to one of the three clans (phrētrē) of the Pasargadae tribe to which the Persian kings belonged; its eponymous ancestor was supposedly Achaemenes (Hdt. ... More

Achievement Motivation in Education  

Judith Meece and Charlotte Agger

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Education
Achievement motivation theories are used to understand gender discrepancies in motivation across various academic domains. Early on in the field of motivation research, researchers ... More

acta  

John Percy Vyvian Dacre Balsdon and Andrew Lintott

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Oxford Classical Dictionary
Acta means ‘the things that have been done’ and has two specialized, overlapping senses in Roman history; one is a gazette, the other is official acts, especially of an emperor.The Acta diurna were a ... More

Actaeon  

Herbert Jennings Rose and Jenny March

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Oxford Classical Dictionary
Actaeon, in mythology son of *Aristaeus and Autonoë, daughter of *Cadmus, and a great huntsman. Ovid gives the most familiar version of his death (Met. 3. 138 ff.): one day on Mt. Cithaeron he came ... More

Actium  

W. M. Murray

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Oxford Classical Dictionary
Actium (Ἄκτιον), a flat sandy promontory at the entrance to the Ambracian Gulf, forming part of the territory of Anactorium, as well as the NW extremity of *Acarnania. A cult of Apollo was located ... More

Active Electroreception in Weakly Electric Fish  

Angel Ariel Caputi

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Neuroscience
American gymnotiformes and African mormyriformes have evolved an active sensory system using a self-generated electric field as a carrier of signals. Objects polarized by the discharge of ... More

Active Listening, Music Education, and Society  

Dan Mamlok

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Education
A common definition of listening distinguishes between hearing and listening. The basic distinction describes hearing as a passive action of perceiving sounds, whereas listening involves ... More

The Adaptive Organization and Fast-Slow Systems  

Torben Juul Andersen and Carina Antonia Hallin

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Business and Management
Contemporary organizations operate under turbulent business conditions and must adapt their strategies to ongoing changes. Sustainable performance can be achieved when the organization ... More

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