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date: 22 February 2024

Social Exclusion and Inclusionlocked

Social Exclusion and Inclusionlocked

  • Karen LyonsKaren LyonsKaren Lyons is Emeritus Professor of International Social Work at London Metropolitan University. She was previously a Professor at University of East London where she participated in a European Social Professions network and subsequently led a Masters course in International Social Work. Current interests include international labor mobility in social work.
  •  and Nathalie HueglerNathalie HueglerNathalie Huegler is a practicing social worker in a charity supporting survivors of torture in London. After an M.A. in International Social Work and Refugee Studies at the University of East London, she is now studying towards a PhD at London Metropolitan University where she has also been involved in teaching within the social work program.


The term social exclusion achieved widespread use in Europe from the late twentieth century. Its value as a concept that is different from poverty, with universal relevance, has since been debated. It is used in Western literature about international development, and some authors have linked it to the notion of capabilities. However, it is not widely used in the social work vocabulary. Conversely, the notion of social inclusion has gained in usage and application. This links with values that underlie promotion of empowerment and participation, whether of individuals, groups, or communities. Both terms are inextricably linked to the realities of inequalities within and between societies and to the principles of human rights and social justice that feature in the international definition of social work.


  • International and Global Issues
  • Policy and Advocacy
  • Poverty
  • Race, Ethnicity, and Culture
  • Social Justice and Human Rights

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