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Statistical and demographic data updated on nutritional and food assistance programs. The section ‘Social Work Roles’ expanded to include international programs.

Updated on 2 December 2013. The previous version of this content can be found here.
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date: 26 September 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Food insecurity and hunger are serious problems around the world, with an estimated 870 million people chronically undernourished. The vast majority of these people—an estimated 14.9%—live in developing countries. Although federal food and nutrition assistance programs and the generally high standard of living in the United States have eliminated the more extreme forms of hunger found in developing countries, less severe but nonetheless serious forms of hunger and food insecurity affect millions of households. Food and nutrition programs require adequate funding, increased access, and further evaluation, but to achieve the goals of ending hunger and assuring food security for all, multisectoral strategies that address the macro-level determinants of food security are needed.

Keywords: hunger, food insecurity, food insufficiency, nutrition, food programs, poverty

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