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Updated the section "Definition and Descriptions" to include intersectionality theory and group dyanmics.

Updated on 3 September 2013. The previous version of this content can be found here.
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date: 22 October 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Psychoanalysis is both a theory and a therapy, largely based on the work of Sigmund Freud but widely expanded over the last hundred years. Four core models (ego psychology, drive theory, object relations, and self-psychology) evolved from Freud's theories of the mind. While each model takes a different approach to treatment, all result in the systematic exploration of unconscious and seemingly irrational aspects of human behavior. Feminist, postmodernist, and intersectionality theories have added new dimensions to psychoanalytic exploration of individual and family, human sexuality, groups, work and organizational systems, and social struggles. New research in neuroscience is confirming the biological basis for unconscious emotional processing within the human brain.

Keywords: psychoanalysis, ego psychology, object relations, drive theory, self-psychology, organizational theory, free clinics, Sigmund Freud, neuroscience

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