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date: 18 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Children's rights can refer to moral rights—basic human rights regardless of age or station—and legal rights, those awarded based on chronological age or level of maturity. They are conceptualized in three categories: protection rights (the right to be free from harm and exploitation), provision rights (the right to have their basic needs met), and participation rights (the right to have a say). Children's rights can conflict with family autonomy, and state intervention is based on the common law doctrine of parens patriae. The UN's Convention on the Rights of the Child is the most comprehensive statement of children's rights to date.

Keywords: Convention on the Rights of the Child, parens patriae, child protection, youth liberation, youth empowerment, moral rights, human rights, civil rights, legal rights, constitutional rights

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