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date: 17 April 2024

Community Violencelocked

Community Violencelocked

  • Muhammad M. Haj-Yahia, Muhammad M. Haj-YahiaThe Hebrew University of Jerusalem
  • Neil B. GutermanNeil B. GutermanNew York University
  •  and Maria João Lobo AntunesMaria João Lobo AntunesTowson University


Community violence is a widespread concern that is receiving increasing attention by social workers. We consider here the problem of community violence and the present understanding of its rates, risk factors, protective factors, consequences, and some orientations for prevention and intervention. Growing evidence identifies a multifaceted and multisystemic ecological perspective of risk and protective factors linked with community violence exposure and its effects. Current research points to potentially helpful ameliorative and preventive strategies for social workers to consider at the micro and macro levels; however, the main focus of this article is on the macro-level factors and processes.


  • Children and Adolescents
  • Clinical and Direct Practice
  • Human Behavior
  • Macro Practice
  • Mental and Behavioral Health

Updated in this version

Content and references updated for the Encyclopedia of Macro Social Work.

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