Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
- Elizabeth C. Pomeroy, Elizabeth C. PomeroyUniversity of Texas at Austin
- Danielle Parrish, Danielle ParrishGraduate College of Social Work, University of Houston
- Angela M. NonakaAngela M. NonakaAssistant Professor, School of Social Work, The University of Texas at Austin
- and Kathleen H. AndersonKathleen H. AndersonLMSW, Private Consultant, Austin, Texas
This article reviews existing knowledge on the assessment of children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) and available screening, prevention, and intervention services. The wide range of preventable conditions associated with FASD throughout the life cycle is described, along with associated high-risk maternal behaviors. In addition, cultural and social determinants are discussed, in an effort to inform social work practice. The differentiation of FASD and protective factors that have been identified as reducing negative outcomes for children and their families affected by prenatal alcohol exposure are also explained. Finally, multidisciplinary and culturally appropriate prevention services are emphasized as well as early diagnosis and strength-based intervention strategies.