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Child Abuse and Neglect  

Susan J. Wells and Geoff Johnson

Published Online:
Jun 2013
The true extent of child abuse and neglect is unknown but reports to state agencies indicate over 3 million reports concerning maltreatment of over 6 million children are made each year. ... More

Child and Adolescent Mental-Health Disorders  

Susan Frauenholtz and Amy Mendenhall

Published Online:
Feb 2014
Mental-health disorders are widely prevalent in children and adolescents, and social workers are the primary service providers for children and families experiencing these disorders. This ... More

Child Care Services  

Laura Lein

Child care services, enabling parents to commit themselves to paid employment while providing a supervised environment for their children, have a long and complex history in the United ... More

Child Labor  

Usha Nayar, Priya Nayar, and Nidhi Mishra

The paper presents a global scenario of child labor by placing the issue in a historical context as well as comparing current work in the field. It specifically explains the psychosocial, ... More

Children: Overview  

Dorinda N. Noble

Published Online:
Jun 2013
Children are interesting, resilient people, whose lives are often perilous. Social workers deal extensively with children and families, and with policies that affect children, to help ... More

Children: Practice Interventions  

Anthony N. Maluccio

Published Online:
Jun 2013
Social work has a long tradition of direct practice with children in a range of settings, such as child welfare, child guidance, hospitals, schools, and neighborhood centers. This entry ... More

Children: Therapeutic Group Care  

James K. Whittaker

Published Online:
Jun 2013
This entry addresses the current state of therapeutic group care services for children and youth. Demographic programmatic trends and research findings are reviewed as are emergent issues ... More

Children: Health Care  

Barbara L. Jones and Casey Walsh

Despite rapid medical advances, children in this country still face significant barriers to adequate health care, including unequal access to insurance and health care. There is great need ... More

Children and Armed Conflict  

Susan Mapp

The United Nations has defined six grave violations that occur in war that impact children: killing or maiming of children, recruitment or use of children as soldiers, sexual violence ... More

Children’s Development Accounts (Children's Savings Accounts)  

William Elliot III and Melinda Lewis

Published Online:
Mar 2014
Children’s Development Accounts (CDAs) are a policy vehicle for allocating intellectual and financial resources to low- and moderate-income children. Unlike basic savings accounts, CDAs ... More

Children’s Health  

Shirley Gatenio Gabel

The history of social work is deeply rooted in helping vulnerable populations improve their well-being, and children have been at the forefront of these efforts since the inception of the ... More

Children's Rights  

Karen M. Staller

Published Online:
Jun 2013
Children's rights can refer to moral rights—basic human rights regardless of age or station—and legal rights, those awarded based on chronological age or level of maturity. They are ... More

Child Support  

Delanie P. Pope and Joseph Kozakiewicz

Child support is the legal mechanism requiring parents to share in the economic support of their children. Under the law, parents are obligated to support their children regardless of ... More

Child Welfare: Overview  

Peter J. Pecora

Published Online:
Jun 2013
The mission of child welfare is multifaceted and includes: (a) responding to the needs of children reported to public child-protection agencies as being abused, neglected, or at risk of ... More

Child Welfare: History and Policy Framework  

Mark E. Courtney

Published Online:
Jun 2013
Child welfare services in the United States evolved from voluntary “child saving” efforts in the 19th century into a system of largely government-funded interventions aimed at identifying ... More

Chisholm, Shirley  

Tanya Smith Brice

Published Online:
Jul 2013
Subject:
Biographies
Shirley Chisholm (1924–2005) was a political leader and activist best known as the first African American woman elected to the US House of Representatives and the first African American to ... More

Christian Social Services  

Diana R. Garland

Published Online:
Jun 2013
The term “Christian social services” refers to the involvement of persons and agencies that identify themselves as having a Christian faith orientation that motivates their response to the ... More

Chronic Illness  

Patricia A. Fennell and Sara Rieder Bennett

There is a paradigm shift occurring in medicine, from models focused on treating acute illnesses to those concerned with managing chronic conditions. This shift coincides with the higher ... More

Chunn, Jay Carrington, II  

Tanya Smith Brice

Published Online:
Sep 2013
Subject:
Biographies

Jay Carrington Chunn, II, (1938–2013), was a leader in social work education, a professor, and an author who focused on public health and policy within urban populations.

Citizen Participation  

Donna Hardina

Published Online:
Jun 2013
Citizen participation is a process through which people served by government and nonprofit organizations can provide input about how these services are offered. Citizen participation is ... More

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