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date: 17 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The concept of empowerment has deep roots in social work practice. Building upon the work of empowerment theorists of the 1980s and 1990s, the concept of empowerment has evolved from a philosophical level to practice frameworks and methods. Substantial research confirms empowerment outcomes as personal, interpersonal, and sociopolitical. Practice interventions contain both personal and structural dimensions and are accomplished through multilevel interventions. Based on transformation ideology, empowerment is a counter to perceived and objective powerlessness. Social work relationships provide an opportunity for experiencing power and collaboration. Empowerment interventions are often useful with vulnerable populations, such as women and members of stigmatized groups.

Keywords: internalized powerlessness, interpersonal empowerment, learned helplessness, liberation, mastery, multilevel intervention, perceived powerlessness, personal empowerment, self-efficacy, social justice, stigmatized groups, sociopolitical empowerment

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