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date: 25 September 2022

Racial Disparities in the Education Systemlocked

Racial Disparities in the Education Systemlocked

  • Martell TeasleyMartell TeasleyUniversity of Utah Social Work 395 South 1500 East , Rm 109 Salt Lake City Utah 84112-9057 United States Phone: 801-585-3219
  •  and Bonita HomerBonita HomerAustin Public Schhols Director of State and Federal Special Programs Austin Texas United States Phone: 5124249667


Despite years of education reform, the United States continues to have disparities in academic outcomes among racial and ethnic groups in primary, secondary, and post-secondary education. High school graduation rates have increased for racial and ethnic minorities, but gross disparities in high school graduation and college attendance still exist. In this article, the authors first examine the literature on racial and ethnic group disparities in education within public K–12 education, followed by a brief review of recent research literature on racial and ethnic disparities within higher education. In each section, there is some examination of race, ethnicity, and critical factors that lead to disparities within the education system. Information on socioeconomic status, school readiness, special education, school discipline, culture, and teacher bias are discussed. The authors conclude that while family income and socioeconomic status help to explain disparities in education outcomes among racial and ethnic groups, cultural factors are a salient part of the conversation.


  • Children and Adolescents
  • Policy and Advocacy
  • Race, Ethnicity, and Culture

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