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date: 03 December 2022



  • Fred H. BesthornFred H. BesthornDr. Fred H. Besthorn holds a M.S.W. and Ph.D. in social work from the University of Kansas and a Master of Divinity from Grace Theological Seminary. He is Professor and MSW Program Director in the School of Social Work at Wichita State University in Wichita, Kansas. Dr. Besthorn has over fifty published works on a broad array of topics. Most notably, his work has focused on the development of a conceptual framework for integrating Deep Ecological awareness with social work policy and practice. He has presented at dozens of social work and environmental conferences around the world. His work involves research on the relationship between environmental degradation, sustainability and environmental racism, and their social, economic and spiritual impact on disadvantaged and oppressed populations. He is also the creator of The Global Alliance for a Deep-Ecological Social Work which can be found at


The earth's climatic and environmental conditions appear to be going through rapid and dramatic changes. Social work has traditionally distinguished itself by claiming a particular focus on person–environment transactions. The balance between the person and the environment has not been easy to maintain—especially with the environmental construct often becoming constricted to small-scale personal space and existing social systems. In the context of a growing environmental crisis and international awareness of the earth's tenuous ecological condition, social work can reclaim its traditional commitment to environmental concerns and find new ways to express and operationalize these concerns in a rapidly changing world.


  • Human Behavior

Updated in this version

Updated content to reflect current trends and anticipated trajectories. Expanded the bibliography with burgeoning scholarship in the field, with an emphasis on the relationship between social work and ecological conditions.

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