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date: 24 June 2022



  • Charles D. GarvinCharles D. GarvinUniversity of Michigan, Emeritus
  •  and Maeda J. GalinskyMaeda J. GalinskyUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel Hill


This overview highlights the current status of group practice, examines the conceptual frameworks for working with groups, reviews the status of group work practice research, and identifies challenges for practice. The discussion examines how the numerous frameworks in social work with groups are joined by adherence to a systemic perspective, an understanding of group dynamics, common intervention concepts, and processes important to phases of intervention. While group work writings and practice have always emphasized the importance of opposing injustices, recent literature has taken a strong position on how group work theory and practice are related to the pursuit of social justice. Although recent studies on social group work are characterized by increasing attention to design, data collection, and analysis, research is still at a developing stage. The discussion of challenges points to areas that are of special importance in current and future practice, including diversity in composition, a commitment to attaining social justice, changing membership, involuntary membership, new professional roles, and use of technology.


  • Macro Practice

Updated in this version

Language and references updated to reflect recent research.

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