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date: 29 June 2022

Jewish Communal Serviceslocked

Jewish Communal Serviceslocked

  • Sheldon R. Gelman, Sheldon R. GelmanYeshiva University
  • Saul AndronSaul AndronYeshiva University
  •  and David J. SchnallDavid J. SchnallYeshiva University


The form and character of communal services provided under Jewish auspices have been shaped by religious teachings, traditions, and shifting demographics. Righteousness is achieved by fulfilling obligations to those less fortunate or in need. Acts of tzedakah, translated as justice, are the hallmark of Jewish philanthropy. The evolution, role, functions, and organizational structure of services are reflective of these obligations. While changing funding patterns and managed care have blurred the sectarian nature of many communal agencies, these agencies remain as key elements in the voluntary social services network of this country.


  • Religion and Spirituality

Updated in this version

References updated and final section expanded to reflect recent research.

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