Abstract and Keywords
Psychoanalysis is both a theory and a therapy, largely based on the work of Sigmund Freud but widely expanded over the last hundred years. The four core models (ego psychology, drive theory, object relations, and self-psychology) entail the systematic exploration of irrational, and generally unconscious, behavior. Feminism, postmodernism, and cultural competence add ideological dimensions for exploring individual and family life, sexuality, work and organizations, and wide-ranging social struggles. New research in neuroscience is confirming the biological basis for unconscious emotional processing within the human brain.
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