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date: 29 November 2022



  • Nancy J. SmythNancy J. SmythUniversity at Buffalo, State University of New York


This entry summarizes the current state of knowledge about the nature of trauma and intervention with trauma reactions. It includes the history of traumatology, demographics, theory, research and best practices, controversies, and current trends as well as diversity issues and international and interdisciplinary perspectives.


  • Mental and Behavioral Health

Updated in this version

Bibliography expanded and updated to reflect recent research. The sections "Challenges," "Trends" and "Implications for Social Work" updated in light of new guidelines, research, and concepts & practices, respectively. Additional links added.

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