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date: 26 September 2022

African Americans Overviewlocked

African Americans Overviewlocked

  • Larry E. Davis, Larry E. DavisUniversity of Pittsburgh
  • Trina R. Williams ShanksTrina R. Williams ShanksUniversity of Michigan
  •  and John M. Wallace Jr.John M. Wallace Jr.University of Pittsburgh

Summary

Since their arrival 400 years ago, African Americans have endured 246 years of chattel slavery and 100 years of apartheid followed by decades of systematic racial discrimination and injustice. Nevertheless, Africans and their descendants have contributed significantly to the building of the United States and have greatly influenced every sector of society. To document this tenuous position, we summarize key demographic, economic, and social trends as well as the potential role of macro social work to improve outcomes. Present-day racism in the United States is persistent and frequently underestimated, so combatting anti-Blackness and White supremacy at structural and societal levels is essential.

Subjects

  • Policy and Advocacy
  • Populations and Practice Settings
  • Poverty
  • Race, Ethnicity, and Culture
  • Social Justice and Human Rights

Updated in this version

Content and references updated for the Encyclopedia of Macro Social Work.

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